Plants belonging to the Gaillardia genus may be hardy annuals or perennials and range in height from 15 cm to 75 cm (annuals) or 40 cm to one metre (perennial Gaillardia).
Gaillardia have greyish green leaves and bloom from summer through to autumn.
The flowers are reminiscent of daisies; they have a central eye and the petals may be red, yellow or orange.
Some common names for plants belonging to this genus include Blanket Flower and Indian Blanket.
Gaillardia aristata by Matt Lavin.
Common Names: Blanket Flower, Firewheel, Perfume ball, Sundance, Indian blanket, Common Gaillardia. Blanket flower: Common; Lanceleaf; Winkler's; Arizona; Onion; yellow; Parry's.
Life Cycle: Half hardy annual, hardy annual. Hardy perennial.
Height: 6 to 28 inches (15 to 70 cm).
Growing Region: USA: Zones 1 to 10. As a perennial in zones 4 to 9; UK Hardiness: H5
When growing Blanket flowers from seed, sow on the surface in the spring (perennial Gaillardia). Or just after the last frost or in autumn (annual Gaillardia).
Gaillardia plants should be spaced from 30 cm to 45 cm (12 to 18 inches) apart in the garden, depending upon size of the plant.
Ideally blanket flower will grow in a sunny part of the garden, that has a moist loamy soil.
If starting off indoors, then sow annuals about a month in advance. Sow perennial species about 6 weeks in advance.
It should take from one week (annuals) to three weeks (perennial) for Gaillardia seeds to germinate, at a temperature of about 20 degrees centigrade (68°F). Germinate in the light.
Transplant annuals into the garden just after the last frost. Perennials should be transplanted out towards the end of spring.
It is quite easy to look after Gaillardia plant species such as Indian blanket and Blanket flowers.
Taller Gaillardia varieties should be staked. Supply a feed of manure in the spring. Water regularly to keep the soil moist.
Deadhead old flowers to prolong the blooming period. Cut back for a second bloom.
To maintain vigor divide perennials every couple of years.
If you require more plants, then propagate by division in autumn or take cuttings from the roots in the spring. Annuals should be grown from seed.
The Gaillardia genus consists of about 30 species.
Yes, Gaillardia, also known as Blanket Flowers, are loved for their vibrant, long-lasting blooms, and are excellent for gardens and landscapes.
Gaillardia x grandiflora, a hybrid between G. aristata and G. pulchella, is commonly grown due to its beautiful, large flowers.
Generally, Gaillardia flowers are not particularly known for having a fragrance.
Gaillardia thrives in full sun and well-drained soil, and is highly tolerant of heat and drought.
Currently, Gaillardia is not recognized as an invasive species in the USA.
Gaillardia can be removed by digging out the plant, ensuring you get as much of the root system as possible.
The Gaillardia plant genus belongs to the Asteraceae family. They are native to North and South America and are cherished for their vibrant and long-lasting flowers.
To grow Gaillardia, plant seeds or seedlings in the spring in full sun and well-drained soil. These plants are drought-tolerant and thrive in poor soil conditions, making them easy to care for. Deadhead the flowers regularly to encourage a longer blooming season.