How To Grow Spike Speedwell (Veronica spicata) In Your Garden

Veronica spicata is commonly known as the Spiked Speedwell. It is an herbaceous perennial plant that has spiky racemes of small, bright blue flowers. These Veronica flowers bloom from early to late summer.

Spiked Speedwell typically grows to a height of about 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm), with a spread of up to 1 foot (30 cm).

Veronica spicata plants in bloom
Veronica spicata photograph by F. D. Richards; CC.

This Veronica plant is great to grow if you wish to add charm to borders or rock gardens, and can even be grown in containers. It is highly favored by butterflies.

Plants do well in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 8 or RHS hardiness zones H4. Veronica spicata is not thought as being invasive in the United States.

How to Grow Veronica spicata in the Garden

Veronica spicata thrives best when grown in a location that has full sun to light shade. Best results are obtained in well-drained, moderately fertile soils. Though, it can adapt to various soil types, from clay and loamy, through to sandy soil, but good drainage is inportant.

Planting should ideally be done in early spring. Once positioned, backfill with soil, and water thoroughly.

Spiked Speedwell requires moderate watering, but this can be decreased in winter months. It is also beneficial to apply a general-purpose fertilizer in early spring.

Spike Speedwell
Spike Speedwell image by manuel m. v.; CC.

While Veronica spicata is usually pest-free, it is good practice to regularly inspect for any signs of disease or pests.

You may also wish to deadhead spent flowers as this will help to promote further blooms.

Veronica spicata can make a visually striking and beneficial plant for any garden. This is not just because of its beautiful blue flowers, but also because of the plant's resilience and ease of care.

Whether grown in borders, rockeries, or in containers, it is sure to make a delightful sight during the summer months.

Quick Veronica spicata Growing and Care Guide

Scientific Name: Veronica spicata.

Common Name(s): Spiked Speedwell, Spike Speedwell.

Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): USDA Zones: 3-8. RHS H4, hardy to about 14°F (-10°C).

Best Used For / Garden Location: Border fronts, rock gardens, wild gardens, or as groundcover.

Plant Details

Life Cycle / Plant Type: Perennial, herbaceous.

Plant Height: 1-2 ft (30-60 cm).

Plant Spread: 1-1.5 ft (30-45 cm).

Blooms: Early to late summer.

Flower Details: Small, tubular, bright blue to violet flowers in long terminal spikes.

Leaf Foliage: Narrow, toothed, dark green leaves.

Fruit: Small, flattened, rounded seed capsules.

Growing Conditions, Location, and Care

Best Light Conditions: Full sun.

Suitable Soil Types: Well-drained, loamy or sandy soil.

Sowing, Planting: Plant in spring or fall, space 1-2 ft (30-60 cm) apart.

Germination Time: Typically 2-3 weeks at 70°F (21°C).

Propagation: Division or seeds in spring or fall.

Watering: Regular watering, deadhead to promote further blooming.

Container Growing

Growing in pots and containers: Suitable, ensure good drainage.

Growing as a Houseplant: Not suitable due to need for outdoor conditions.

Further Information

Miscellaneous: Attracts butterflies, resistant to deer and rabbits.

Pests and Diseases: Watch for leaf spots and root rot.

Common Cultivars / Varieties: 'Red Fox' has deep pink flowers, 'Icicle' features white flowers.

Family: Plantaginaceae, the Plantain family.

Native: Europe and Asia.

References and Further Reading: RHS Veronica spicata Growing Guide; Missouri Botanical Garden; Red Fox Spiked Speedwell by Texas A&M.

Common Questions

Does Veronica spicata make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Yes, Veronica spicata is an excellent garden plant. It's known for its long blooms and its tall, spiky flowers. These are great for adding texture and color to garden beds.

Is Veronica spicata a fragrant plant?

It is not usually grown for its fragrance. The appeal of Veronica spicata lies in its striking, blue or purple spikes of flowers, and in its attractiveness to pollinators.

What is the perfect garden location to grow Veronica spicata?

Spiked Speedwell thrives in a location with full sun to part shade. Good drainge is important. The plant will be drought tolerant once established.

Is Veronica spicata invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

It is not currently considered invasive in the USA.

How do I remove Veronica spicata from my garden?

If you wish to remove Veronica spicata from your garden, then first cut back the plant. Next carefully dig out the root system. Ensure all roots are removed to prevent any possible regrowth.


Spiked Speedwell is a perennial plant that enjoys full sun to part shade and well-drained soil. Its vibrant spikes of purple to blue flowers bloom in summer, attracting various pollinators.

I hope that you have enjoyed reading this guide on how to grow Veronica spicata. You may also enjoy the following Plantain growing guides: How to Grow Antirrhinum, Chelone, Penstemon, and Globularia plants in the garden.

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