How to Grow Amelanchier canadensis Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis, also known as the Serviceberry tree, is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America.

This multi-stemmed small tree can grow 25 to 30 feet (7.5 to 9 m) tall, and 15 to 20 feet (4.5 to 6 m) wide.

Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) photograph by Andrey Zharkikh.

Serviceberry trees are most noted for their seasonal changes.

In early spring they display white, slightly fragrant flowers in clusters.

Amelanchier canadensis bloom
Amelanchier canadensis in bloom, photograph by cultivar413; CC.

These small flowers eventually yield to edible, round berries in the summer. These can be used to make jams and jellies.

Amelanchier canadensis hips
Amelanchier canadensis hips, photograph by yamatsu; CC.

During the autumn / fall, the green, oval-shaped foliage turns to vivid shades of orange, red, and yellow.

Garden enthusiasts appreciate its seasonal beauty, low maintenance, and ability to grow in a variety of locations.

Serviceberry trees grow best in woodland gardens, along stream banks, and against shaded backdrops where the pop of white flowers and fall colours can take centre stage.

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Serviceberry Tree

The serviceberry tree grows best in medium, well-drained soils.

To help keep the soil most, dig in a good amount of peat moss or mulch into the soil; as this can help keep the roots and ground hydrated.

Although this tree can grow in partial shade, it produces the best fall colours and berry quantities in direct sunlight.

Amelanchier canadensis are largely insect and disease free, and are great to grow if you wish to attract birds, due to its berry yielding capabilities.

In regards to pruning, it is only necessary to prune the tree when stems become tangled or dead wood builds up.

It is important to wait until the end of the blooming season to prune the tree to avoid compromising flower growth.

Serviceberry flower close-up
Serviceberry flower close up, image by 阿橋 HQ; CC.

Amelanchier canadensis Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Amelanchier canadensis
  • Common Name: Serviceberry
  • Growing Zone: USA: 4 to 7
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 120 to 300
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 180 to 300
  • Time of Bloom: Spring
  • Flower Details: White
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Upright / erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Average pace
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance:
  • Propagation: Seed and semi-hardwood cuttings or remove suckers in winter
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Usually pest free
  • Diseases: Fire blight may be a problem

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of:
  • Best Garden Use: Specimen, Woodland garden
  • Family: Rosaceae (roses)
  • Closely Related Species: Roses (Rosa), Prunus, Alchemilla, Aronia, Aruncus, Pyrus, Sanguisorba, Sorbus, Acaena, Crataegus, Rubus, and Waldstenia.

  • Miscellaneous: Entices birdlife to the garden, North American native, Attracts butterflies, Blooms are very showy
  • Genus Detail: Amelanchier
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Amelanchier canadensis. You may also enjoy the following growing guides: How to grow Rosa multiflora and Rosa rugosa.