Anemone coronaria, commonly called Windflowers or Garden anemone, belong to the Ranunculaceae (buttercup) family. Other names include Spanish marigolds and Lilies of the field.
These tuberous perennials are showy, displaying six to eight velvety sepals and a black center atop 10 to 12-inch (25 to 30 cm) stems, they are poppy-like in appearance and, indeed, are sometimes also referred to as poppy anemones.
Plants spread can range from about four to 20 inches (10 to 50 cm), and plants usually reach their full height within two to four years.
Anemone coronaria photograph by chipmunk_1.
Gardeners choose anemones for their vivid reds, blues, purples, pinks and whites that look equally beautiful when dispersed openly in fields and along stone walls, or as border plants in beds and rock gardens.
Anemone coronaria can also be grown in containers for a dazzling display on outdoor decks and patios.
When used as a cut flower, this ornamental is a darling of florist shops.
Anemone coronaria plants thrive in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 10 (UK Hardy), preferring full sun to partial shade and rich, moist, well-drained soils.
In warmer climates, the underground plant stems or corms can be planted outdoors in October or November, but because they don't winter well, northern or colder climate areas should hold off planting until the spring.
Alternately, they can be started in pots in colder climates but initially kept inside in cool areas free of frost.
Although technically a perennial, many gardeners find that digging up the corms in late fall to replant in the spring is not always successful, and it is simpler to treat them as annuals and purchase new corms each year for planting.
Whether planting outdoors or in containers, place Anemone coronaria corms claws up, four to six inches (10 to 15 cm) apart and two to three inches (5 to 8 cm) deep.