How to Grow Aralia elata Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Japanese Angelica Tree

Note: In many parts of the USA, especially in the Northeastern states, Aralia elata is classified as an invasive species and idealy not grown by gardeners in those areas.
If you live in an area where this plant is considered invasive, then it is recommended that you grow 'Devil's Walking Stick' (Aralia spinosa) as an alternative.

Japanese angelica tree

Aralia elata fruits photograph by Wendy Cutler.

An overview of Aralia elata

This plant is commonly known as the Korean or Japanese Angelica tree. It is a large upright deciduous bush that in tree form can reach close to 10 metres in height.

As the name suggests it is naturally native to Japan. It carries a black fruit in the fall and does best when it is grown in a sheltered environment as it loves partial shade.

Ideally the soil should be deep and loamy. Despite these preferences the plant is not overly delicate and can also tolerate sunny areas with a poorer soil.

The shoots of Aralia elata are edible; they are typically harvested in early spring when they are young and then blanched.

Aralia elata Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Aralia elata
  • Common Name: Japanese angelica tree
  • Growing Zone: USA: 4 to 8
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Shrub

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 120 to 180
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 72 to 120
  • Time of Bloom: Summer
  • Flower Details: White
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Upright / erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Average pace
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Wet

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seedwhen ripe orroot cuttingsandsuckers. Variegated cultivars must be grafted
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Flower stems susceptible to damage by aphids; foliage can be attacked by thrips and glasshouse red spider mite
  • Diseases: Usually pest free

Further Information

  • Can Attract: Birds
  • Tolerant of: Drought, Clay Soil
  • Best Garden Use: Specimen
  • Family:
  • Closely Related Species:
  • Miscellaneous: Invasive, Non-native to North America, Blooms are very showy
  • Genus Detail: Aralia
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here

Garden Plants Common Name Index

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