How to Grow Araucaria Heterophylla Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Norfolk Island Pine

Norfolk island pine

Araucaria heterophylla(Norfolk Island pine) photograph by Forest and Kim Starr.

Araucaria heterophylla Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Araucaria heterophylla
  • Common Name: Norfolk island pine
  • Growing Zone: USA: 10 to 11
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Indoor Plant, Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 1800 to 2400
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 420 to 590
  • Time of Bloom:
  • Flower Details:
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Columnar, Pyramidal, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Grows slowly
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Adaptable, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seeds sown inSeedbed as soon as ripe; take cuttings of vertical shoot tips in midsummer and root in a cold frame; cuttings of horizontal side branches will not form an upright tree
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Usually pest free
  • Diseases: Honey fungus may be a problem

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of:
  • Best Garden Use: Container, Christmas tree, Areas requiring pest tolerance, , Specimen
  • Family:
  • Closely Related Species:
  • Miscellaneous: Attractive foliage, Non-native to North America, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms
  • Genus Detail:Araucaria
  • Further Reading and References: Here and SFBG Featured Plant

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