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How to Grow Araucaria Heterophylla Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Norfolk Island Pine

Norfolk island pine

Araucaria heterophylla(Norfolk Island pine) photograph by Forest and Kim Starr.


Quick Araucaria heterophylla Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific name: Araucaria heterophylla
  • Common Name: Norfolk island pine
  • Growing Zone (USA): 10 to 11
  • Life Cycle/Type: Indoor Plant, Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 1800 to 2400
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 420 to 590
  • Time of Bloom:
  • Color of Bloom:
  • Leaf Foliage Detail: Green
  • Growth Form: Columnar, Pyramidal, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Grows slowly
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Adaptable, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seeds sown inSeedbed as soon as ripe; take cuttings of vertical shoot tips in midsummer and root in a cold frame; cuttings of horizontal side branches will not form an upright tree
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Usually pest free
  • Diseases: Honey fungus may be a problem

Further Information

  • Can Attact:
  • Tolerant of:
  • Best used in: Container, Christmas tree, Areas requiring pest tolerance, , Specimen
  • Miscellaneous : Attractive foliage, Non-native to North America, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms
  • Genus Detail: Araucaria
  • Further Reading: Here and Here


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Common Garden Plant Species
Index – A

Abies alba
Abies concolor
Abies koreana
Abies nordmanniana
Acacia baileyana
Acacia farnesiana
Acacia melanoxylon
Acca sellowiana
Acer buergerianum
Acer campestre
Acer griseum
Acer japonicum
Acer negundo
Acer palmatum Atropurpureum
Acer palmatum Dissectum
Acer palmatum
Acer platanoides
Acer pseudoplatanus
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharinum
Acer saccharum
Achillea filipendulina
Achillea millefolium
Aconitum napellus
Acorus gramineus
Actinidia kolomikta
Adiantum capillus-veneris
Aechmea fasciata
Aegopodium podagraria
Aesculus hippocastanum
Agapanthus africanus
Agave americana
Agave attenuata
Agave parryi
Agave victoriae-reginae
Ageratum houstonianum
Aglaonema commutatum
Aglaonema modestum
Ailanthus altissima
Ajania pacifica
Ajuga genevensis
Ajuga reptans Atropurpurea
Ajuga reptans Burgundy Glow
Ajuga reptans
Akebia quinata
Albizia julibrissin
Albizia lebbeck
Albizia saman
Alcea rosea
Alchemilla alpina
Alchemilla erythropoda

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