Athyrium filix-feminais a fern commonly known as Lady fern. It comes from the family Athyriaceae.
Lady Fern is clump forming with deciduous leaves. It grows well in the UK to zone H6, and USDA zones 4 to 8.
As it is a fern it does not bloom with flowers, but is grown for its leaves. These leaves are lance-shaped and feathery. They grow from 60 to 100 cm (24 to 40 inches) long.
Athyrium x 'Ghost' hybrid of Athyrium filix-femina and Athyrium niponicum photograph by K M.
Leaves range in colour from a light yellowish green to a reddish brown near the end of its growing season.
It prefers shady to semi-shady areas. This fern is a great addition for woodland or rock gardens, especially near ponds or streams. It is a great plant to grow in shady parts of the garden or/and besides water features such as ponds.
Athyrium filix-femina is also often grown as an ornamental plant that adds texture to the garden.
It is also sometimes used to prevent erosion along mild slopes. This fern is well-liked due to its resistance to deer and rabbits.
Athyrium filix-feminagrows from a spore located on the underside of the leaves.
It is considered moderately difficult to grow from a spore. The spores must be planted in a rich, wet soil. They should then be stored in a brightly lit warm location. Keep the container covered and the soil moist.
Alternatively, Athyrium filix-feminacan be purchased as a small plant from a nursery and planted directly in the garden.
If the fern becomes too crowded, the clumps may be divided in the spring and replanted.
The fern requires a rich soil with good drainage. The leaves are delicate and prefer some shelter from the wind to prevent becoming damaged by late summer.
After it is established, the fern is fairly hardy and can be enjoyed year after year.