How to Grow Xanthisma Plants

Guide to Growing Sleepy Daisy, Star of Texas, and Texas Star

Xanthisma are large hardy annuals that bloom in the summer.

When in bloom they carry yellow daisy like flowers.

Some of the common names for Xanthisma include Texas star, Star of Texas and Sleepy Daisy.

Xanthisma texensis
Xanthisma texensis – Sleepy Daisy by CameliaTWU; Creative Commons.

How to Grow Xanthisma

When growing Xanthisma species such as Texas star from seed ideally sow outdoors just after the last frost of spring.

Texas star seeds should be lightly covered once sown and spaced from 15 cm / 6 inches (smaller Xanthisma) to 60 cm / 24 inches (larger Xanthisma varieties) apart.

Ideally Xanthisma will grow in a sunny part of the garden that has good drainage. The soil that Xanthisma plants grow in should be sandy, close to neutral pH and light for best results, but they should grow in most soils.

If starting off indoors, then sow seeds about seven weeks before the last frost.

It should take Xanthisma three to four weeks to germinate at a temperature of 20 to 23 degrees centigrade (68 to 73°F).

Transplant into the garden following the last frost.

Xanthisma photograph by Anniesannuals.

Caring for Xanthisma species such as Texas Star

Texas star requires very little looking after and can survive dry conditions.

It may be a good idea to provide a stake for taller varieties of Xanthisma.

Xanthisma Growing and Care Guide

Common Names: Sleepy Daisy, Star of Texas, Texas Star.
Family: Asteraceae.
Life Cycle: Hardy annual.
Height: 12 to 20 inches (50 cm).
Native: North America.
Growing Region: Zones 3 to 8.
Flowers: Summer and autumn.
Flower Details: Yellow. Daisy-like ray and disc florets. Flowers close at night.
Foliage: Green. Thin. Linear.

Sow Outside: Cover seed. Following the last frost. Spacing 4 to 20 inches (10 to 50 cm).
Sow Inside: Germination time: three weeks to one month. Temperature 70°F (21°C). Seven or eight weeks before expected last frost. Transplant outdoors following the last frost.
Requirements: Full sunlight. Good drainage. Soil pH 6.5. Sandy soil. Poor soil. Can survive in dry soils. Provide support.

Common Questions

How many members does the Xanthisma genus have?

The Xanthisma genus contains about 19 species of flowering plants.

Do members of Xanthisma make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Xanthisma species, with their small, daisy-like flowers, can add interest to rock gardens and borders.

Which Xanthisma species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

Xanthisma texanum, commonly known as Texas sleepy daisy, is a popular choice among gardeners.

Are members of the Xanthisma plant genus fragrant?

Plants in the Xanthisma genus are not typically known for their fragrance.

What is the perfect location to grow Xanthisma?

Xanthisma prefers a sunny location with well-draining soil. They are drought-tolerant and can grow in sandy or rocky soil.

Is Xanthisma invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

Currently, Xanthisma is not considered invasive in the USA.

How do I remove Xanthisma plants from my garden?

Remove Xanthisma plants by pulling them out, making sure to include the root system to prevent regrowth.


The Xanthisma genus includes perennial plants native to North America. They are valued for their daisy-like flowers and spiny leaves. The most well-known species, Xanthisma texanum, commonly known as Texas sleepydaisy, blooms in late spring and summer.

Grow Xanthisma from seeds or divisions, preferably in spring. They thrive in full sun and prefer well-drained, sandy or gravelly soil. Regular watering is necessary, particularly during dry periods, but overwatering should be avoided to prevent root rot.

I hope that you found this guide on how to grow Xanthisma plants. You may also enjoy my gardening guides on how to grow Texas Bluebell and Yucca thompsoniana.