How To Grow Baby Rubber Plant (Peperomia obtusifolia) In Your Garden

Peperomia obtusifolia, commonly known as Baby Rubber Plant or Blunt-Leaf Peperomia, is an evergreen perennial native to South America.

It boasts glossy, round, dark green leaves that contribute to a lush, compact appearance. The plant typically reaches a height and spread of ten to twelve inches (25 to 30 cm).

Peperomia obtusifolia houseplant
Peperomia obtusifolia photograph by Leonora (Ellie) Enking; CC.

Many gardeners value Peperomia obtusifolia for its vibrant foliage and ease of care. Its adaptability and compact size make it suitable for container, terrarium, or indoor gardens.

It thrives in USDA hardiness zones 10 to 12 and RHS zones H1C to H1B. Despite its ability to spread, this plant is generally not invasive.

How to grow Peperomia obtusifolia in the Garden

The Baby Rubber Plant prefers a location with bright, indirect light, but it can also tolerate lower light conditions.

It does best in well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. A mix of peat moss and perlite or coarse sand is typically ideal.

You can plant Peperomia obtusifolia at any time of the year, though spring is generally considered optimal.

Propagation can be accomplished through leaf or stem cuttings, which should be allowed to dry for a day or two before planting.

Use moderate watering, ideally allow the top half of the soil to dry out between waterings to avoid overwatering and root rot.

Keep in mind that this plant prefers higher humidity levels, so will need to be grown indoors in non-tropical / humid areas.

While Peperomia obtusifolia is generally pest-resistant, it can sometimes be susceptible to mealybugs or spider mites. Regular checks for these pests can help keep your plant healthy.

The Baby Rubber Plant, with its attractive, glossy foliage and straightforward care requirements, can make a delightful addition to your indoor plant collection.

Baby Rubber plant image by Dr. Alexey Yakovlev; CC.

How to grow Peperomia obtusifolia as a Houseplant

Peperomia obtusifolia is a compact, easy-care houseplant appreciated for its shiny, round leaves.

This plant prefers a bright location with indirect sunlight, but it can tolerate low light conditions, making it a versatile choice for many indoor environments.

When it comes to soil, the Baby Rubber Plant requires a well-draining mix. A blend of peat moss with perlite or coarse sand is typically suitable.

Water the plant moderately, ensuring the top half of the soil dries out between waterings to prevent root rot. As this plant prefers higher humidity levels; consider placing it on a pebble tray or occasionally misting the leaves.

You can propagate Peperomia obtusifolia by taking leaf or stem cuttings. Allow cuttings to dry for a day or two before planting to avoid rot.

While this plant is generally pest-resistant, it may occasionally be susceptible to mealybugs or spider mites. Regular checks and early intervention can help maintain the health of your Baby Rubber Plant. With these care tips in mind, your Peperomia obtusifolia can add a lush, tropical touch to your home plant collection.

Quick Peperomia obtusifolia Growing and Care Guide

Scientific Name: Peperomia obtusifolia

Common Name(s): Baby Rubber Plant, Pepper Face

Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): USDA Zones: 10-12 RHS Hardiness Rating: H1C (above 5°C)

Best Used For / Garden Location: Ideal as a houseplant or in terrariums and dish gardens.

Plant Details

Life Cycle / Plant Type: Evergreen perennial

Plant Height: 10-12 inches (25-30 centimeters)

Plant Spread: 8-10 inches (20-25 centimeters)

Blooms: Summer

Flower Details: Greenish-white, spiky flowers

Leaf Foliage: Thick, glossy, round to oval-shaped leaves

Fruit: N/A

Growing Conditions and Location

Best Light Conditions: Bright indirect light

Suitable Soil Types: Well-drained, fertile, peat-based soil

Sowing / planting: Plant young plants in spring or fall.

Germination time: N/A, propagated from cuttings.

Propagation: By stem or leaf cuttings in spring or summer.

Plant Care: Water moderately, allowing soil to dry between waterings. Prefers high humidity.

Growing in pots and containers: Ideal for pots and containers with good drainage.

Growing as a House plant: Excellent houseplant, requiring indirect light and high humidity.

Further Information

Miscellaneous: Non-toxic to pets. Good air purifier.

Pests and diseases: Watch for mealybugs, spider mites, and whiteflies.

Common Cultivars / Varieties: Peperomia obtusifolia 'Variegata' and 'Albo-marginata' are popular cultivars.

Family: Piperaceae, the Pepper family.

Native: Florida, Mexico, and the Caribbean.

References and Further Reading: Royal Horticultural Society – Baby Rubber Plant; Dodge County Extension, Ask a Master Gardener: Peperomia: An Easy Growing Houseplant; University of Florida IFAS Extension.

Common Questions

Does Peperomia obtusifolia make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Peperomia obtusifolia, known as Baby Rubber Plant, is primarily an indoor plant due to its decorative leaves and compact size. It can be used in small indoor gardens in hot humid areas or in terrariums.

Is it a fragrant plant?

Peperomia obtusifolia does not produce a noticeable fragrance. Its main appeal lies in its round, glossy leaves and easy care requirements.

What is the perfect location to grow Peperomia obtusifolia?

When grown outdoors, Peperomia obtusifolia prefers bright, indirect light, and a well-draining soil. As it can tolerate a range of humidity levels (so long as there is humidity) it is a great choice for indoor growing as an houseplant.

Is Peperomia obtusifolia invasive in the USA?

Peperomia obtusifolia is not considered invasive in the USA. It is typically grown as an indoor plant and does not spread aggressively.

How do I remove Peperomia obtusifolia from my garden?

To remove Peperomia obtusifolia, simply pull up the plant, ensuring to remove all roots to prevent regrowth. Dispose of the plant material so that it cannot reestablish itself.


Baby Rubber Plant is a low-maintenance houseplant with glossy, rounded leaves. Plant in well-draining soil in bright, but indirect light. Water moderately, allowing the soil to dry out between watering. For best results, mist the plant to help ensure humidity.

I hope that you have enjoyed reading this guide on how to grow Peperomia obtusifolia . You may also enjoy the following growing guides: How to grow Emerald ripple peperomia, Rose of Sharon, Aloe vera, and Yucca plants in the garden.

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