How to Grow Abies nordmanniana Plants in your Garden

Caucasian fir

Abies nordmanniana 'Golden Spreader' photograph by Karl Gercens.

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Caucasian Fir

You will probably recognise Abies nordmanniana straight away as it often grown as christmas trees.

This is largely because its needles to not drop straight away when it they dry out, its needles are not as sharp as other firs, and it has an attractive shape and foliage.

It is a needled evergreen fir that is native to Turkey, and the Caucasus areas of Georgia, Iran, and Russia.

It goes by the common name of Caucasian fir and is naturally found in the mountains at heights of around 3,000 to 7,200 feet (900 to 2200 m).

Abies bark

Photograph of Abies nordmanniana bark by Tracy Durrant, Creative Commoms.

As a fir it does not flower, but it does produce cones that are around 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm) in length.

The trunk is grey, with an attractive bark. The branches are covered in dense clads of needles; these are flat, glossy, needle-like, and a dark green colour.

Species typically reach about 200 ft (60 m) in height in their native habitats. Landscaped Garden and Park grown plants are typically smaller than this at about 35 to 50 feet (10 to 15 m).

Ieally you will need a rich and acidic soil to get the best results when growing Caucasian Fir trees. They also like a well drained soil and plenty of sun.

Abies nordmanniana

Abies nordmanniana photograph by F. D. Richards, CC.

Quick Abies nordmanniana Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific name: Abies nordmanniana
  • Common Name: Caucasian fir, Nordmann Fir
  • Growing Zone (USA): 4 to 6. UK Hardiness: H7
  • Life Cycle/Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 50 feet (15 m)
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 15 to 25 feet (4.5 to 7.5 m)
  • Leaf Foliage Detail: Green
  • Growth Form: Columnar, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Slow
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Level of Maintenance: Medium
  • Propagation: Seed
  • How to Prune: Not usually required
  • Pests: Aphids and adelgids
  • Diseases: Usually pest free.

Further Information

  • Best used in: Christmas tree, Ornamental Tree, Areas requiring pest tolerance, Large Gardens, Parks, Screen, Specimen
  • Miscellaneous : Often used as a Christmas tree, Wood produces good paper, Non-native to North America, Does not bloom
  • Genus Detail: Abies
  • Further Reading: Here and Here
  • Closely related species: Abies koreana; Compact white fir; Silver fir

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Common Garden Species
Index – A

Alchemilla mollis
Aleurites moluccana
Allamanda cathartica
Allium aflatunense
Allium caeruleum
Allium giganteum
Allium Globemaster
Allium moly
Allium schoenoprasum
Alnus glutinosa
Aloe vera
Amaranthus retroflexus
Amaryllis belladonna
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Amelanchier alnifolia
Amelanchier canadensis
Ammi majus
Anemone blanda
Anemone coronaria
Anemone hupehensis
Anemone sylvestris
Anethum graveolens
Annona reticulata
Anthurium andraeanum
Antirrhinum majus
Aquilegia vulgaris
Aralia elata
Araucaria araucana
Araucaria heterophylla
Arbutus unedo
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Argyranthemum frutescens
Armeria maritima
Aronia melanocarpa
Artemisia absinthium
Artemisia vulgaris
Arum italicum
Aruncus dioicus
Arundo donax
Asarum europaeum
Asclepias curassavica
Asclepias incarnata
Asclepias syriaca
Asclepias tuberosa
Asimina triloba
Asparagus densiflorus
Aspidistra elatior
Asplenium nidus
Astrantia major
Athyrium filix-femina
Aucuba japonica

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