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How to Grow Abies nordmanniana Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Caucasian Fir

You will probably recognise Abies nordmanniana straight away as it often grown as christmas trees.

This is largely because its needles to not drop straight away when it they dry out, its needles are not as sharp as other firs, and it has an attractive shape and foliage.

Caucasian fir
Abies nordmanniana 'Golden Spreader' photograph by Karl Gercens.

It is a needled evergreen fir that is native to Turkey, and the Caucasus areas of Georgia, Iran, and Russia.

It goes by the common name of Caucasian fir and is naturally found in the mountains at heights of around 3,000 to 7,200 feet (900 to 2200 m).

Abies bark

Photograph of Abies nordmanniana bark by Tracy Durrant, Creative Commoms.

As a fir it does not flower, but it does produce cones that are around 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm) in length.

The trunk is grey, with an attractive bark. The branches are covered in dense clads of needles; these are flat, glossy, needle-like, and a dark green colour.

Species typically reach about 200 ft (60 m) in height in their native habitats. Landscaped Garden and Park grown plants are typically smaller than this at about 35 to 50 feet (10 to 15 m).

Ieally, you will need a rich and acidic soil to get the best results when growing Caucasian Fir trees. They also like a well drained soil and plenty of sun.

Abies nordmanniana

Abies nordmanniana photograph by F. D. Richards, CC.

Abies nordmanniana Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Abies nordmanniana
  • Common Name: Caucasian fir, Nordmann Fir
  • Growing Zone: USA: 4 to 6. UK Hardiness: H7
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 50 feet (15 m)
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 15 to 25 feet (4.5 to 7.5 m)
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Columnar, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Slow
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Medium
  • Propagation: Seed
  • How to Prune: Not usually required
  • Pests: Aphids and adelgids
  • Diseases: Usually pest free.

Further Information

  • Best Garden Use: Christmas tree, Ornamental Tree, Areas requiring pest tolerance, Large Gardens, Parks, Screen, Specimen
  • Family: Pinaceae
  • Miscellaneous: Often used as a Christmas tree, Wood produces good paper, Non-native to North America, Does not bloom
  • Genus Detail: Abies
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Closely related species: Abies koreana; Compact white fir; Silver fir



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