How to Grow Abies nordmanniana Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Caucasian Fir

You will probably recognise Abies nordmanniana straight away as this pkant is often grown as christmas trees.

This is largely because its needles do not drop straight away when they dry out, its needles are not as sharp as other firs, and it has an attractive shape and foliage.

Caucasian fir
Abies nordmanniana 'Golden Spreader' photograph by Karl Gercens.

This a needled evergreen fir that is native to Turkey, and the Caucasus areas of Georgia, Iran, and Russia.

It goes by the common name of Caucasian fir and is naturally found in the mountains at heights of around 3,000 to 7,200 feet (900 to 2200 m).

Abies bark

Photograph of Abies nordmanniana bark by Tracy Durrant, Creative Commoms.

As a fir it does not flower, but it does produce cones that are around 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm) in length.

The trunk is grey, with an attractive bark. The branches are covered in dense clads of needles; these are flat, glossy, needle-like, and a dark green colour.

Abies nordmanniana typically reach about 200 ft (60 m) in height in their native habitats. Landscaped Garden and Park grown plants are typically smaller than this, at about 35 to 50 feet (10 to 15 m).

Ieally, you will need a rich and acidic soil to get the best results when growing Caucasian Fir trees. They also like a well drained soil and plenty of sun.

Abies nordmanniana

Abies nordmanniana photograph by F. D. Richards, CC.

Abies nordmanniana Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Abies nordmanniana.
  • Common Name: Caucasian fir, Nordmann Fir.
  • Growing Zone: USA: 4 to 6. UK Hardiness: H7
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Evergreen Tree.

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): Garden/Landscape plants typically reach about 50 feet (15 m).
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 15 to 25 feet (4.5 to 7.5 m).
  • Leaf Foliage: Needles. Dense. Glossy dark-green. These are about 1.25 inches (3 cm in length). Two distinctive white bands on lower surface of needles.
  • Fruit: Upright cones. Dark red through brown.Length 6 inches (15 cm).
  • Bark: Charcoal grey.
  • Growth Form: Narrow conical or Columnar, Upright or erect.

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight (for best results)
  • Rate of Growth: Slow.
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic through to Neutral pH. Clay (light), Loamy, Sandy. Well drained.
  • Soil Moisture: Moist, does not like to be waterlogged, and thus will perform poorly in heavy clay soils.

Caring Conditions

  • Care: Keep soil moist during dry peeriods when getting established.
  • Level of Maintenance: Low to medium.
  • Propagation: Seed (autumn).
  • How to Prune: Not usually required.
  • Pests: Aphids, bagworms, budworms, and adelgids
  • Diseases: Usually Disease free.

Further Information

  • Best Garden Use: Christmas tree, Ornamental Tree, great yard tree, Landscaping Areas requiring pest tolerance, Large Gardens, Parks, Screen, Specimen.
  • Family: Pinaceae.
  • Miscellaneous: Often used as a Christmas tree, Wood produces good paper, Non-native to North America, Does not bloom. Does not grow well in polluted areas.
  • Genus Detail: Abies
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Closely related species: Abies koreana; Compact white fir; Silver fir

Nordmann Fir

Nordmann Fir photograph by F. D. Richards; CC.

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Abies nordmanniana. You may also enjoy the following tree growing guides: How to grow Olives and Italian Cypress.