The Cupressus sempervirens plant is an ornamental Cypress tree native to the Mediterranean. This evergreen can reach about 115 feet in height (35 m), but is usually about two thirds of this and is thus classified as a medium sized conifer.
It has dark green foliage that is carried in sprays. It carries ovoid seed cones that reach about 1 1/2 inches (4 cm) in length. The male cones are much smaller 1/5th of an inch (5 mm).
Cupressus Sempervirens photograph by Nova Cook.
Italian Cypress performs best in dry areas with a Mediterranean climate and thus thrives in southern Australia, California, and South Africa. It also does well in more moderate cooler climates such as the UK, Pacific northwestern states, and even New Zealand. A lot of the main cultivars have been bred to have a fastigate (columnar, erect, parallel branches) nature. You may recognize this plant as being one of the favorites of the artist Vincent van Gough.
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