GardenersHQ

Advice on Growing other Acer Tree Species

Acer Plants covered on this page of Gardener's HQ

Acer buergerianum | Acer campestre | Acer japonicum
Acer palmatum | Acer platanoides | Acer pseudoplatanus
Acer rubrum | Acer saccharinum | Acer saccharum

As they are generally a slow growing tree, many members of the Acer plant genus can be ideal to grow in smaller gardens. They are pretty easy to maintain, grow well in full sunlight and help to bring shade to the garden.

Please see the following individual pages for information on Acer griseum, Acer negundo, Acer palmatum Atropurpureum, and Acer palmatum Dissectum.


Acer buergerianum: Guide to Growing Trident Maple

Trident maple

Trident Maple (Acer buergerianum) photograph by Cliff.

Acer buergerianum

Acer buergerianum photographForest and Kim Starr, CC.

Acer buergerianum Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer buergerianum
  • Common Name: Trident maple
  • Growing Zone: USA: 5 to 9
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 300 to 360
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 180 to 300
  • Time of Bloom: Spring
  • Flower Details: Yellow
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Oval, Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Average pace
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seed in mid to late autumn or spring. Takesoftwoodcuttings in early summer
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive (Prune only in late autum to the middle of winter).
  • Pests: Aphids and horse chestnut scale are sometimes a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wiltcan be problematic

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of: Air Pollution, short droughts
  • Best Garden Use: Areas requiring pest tolerance, Specimen, Large Garden and Street Tree
  • Genus Detail: Acer
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Closely Related Family Members: Balloon Vine; and Yellowhorn
  • Miscellaneous: Non-native to North America


Acer campestre: Field Maple

Field maple

Acer campestre 'Carnival' photograph by Megan Hansen, CC.


Acer campestreh

Acer campestre by Andreas Rockstein, CC.

Acer campestre Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer campestre
  • Common Name: Field maple / Feldahorn
  • Growing Zone: USA: 6 to 8
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 300 to 420
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 300 to 420
  • Time of Bloom: Spring
  • Flower Details: Green
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Rounded

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Grows slowly
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seed in mid to late autumn or spring. Takesoftwoodcuttings in early summer
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive (Prune only in late autum to the middle of winter).
  • Pests: Aphids and horse chestnut scale are sometimes a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wiltcan be problematic

Further Information

  • Tolerant of: Clay Soil, Air Pollution
  • Best Garden Use: Firewood, Pollard, Screen, Standard, Superior hedge, Specimen, Large Garden and Street Tree
  • Genus Detail: Acer
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Closely Related Family members: Horse chestnut and Xanthoceras Plant.
  • Miscellaneous: Non-native to North America, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms


Acer japonicum: Japanese Maple / Amur Maple

Downy japanese maple aconitifolium

Momiji, Acer japonicum photograph by Koichi Oda.


Acer japonicum

Acer japonicum, the Amur Maple by photosteve101.

Acer japonicum Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer japonicum
  • Common Name: Downy japanese maple aconitifolium, Amur Maple, Fullmoon Maple, Red Downy Japanese Maple.
  • Growing Zone: USA: 5 to 7
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Shrub, Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 120 to 360
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 120 to 360
  • Time of Bloom: Spring
  • Flower Details: Red
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Irregular or sprawling, Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: shade to partial shade partial sun
  • Rate of Growth: Grows slowly
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Grafting or soft-wood cuttings
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Aphids and horse chestnut scale are sometimes a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wilt can be problematic

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of:
  • Best Garden Use: Container, Areas requiring pest tolerance, Standard, Specimen
  • Genus Detail: Acer
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Miscellaneous: Attractive foliage, Non-native to North America, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms


Acer palmatum: Japanese Maple

Japanese maple

Acer palmatum photograph by Ato ARAKI.


Acer palmatum

Acer palmatum 'Fireglow' photograph by Schlossherr Helmut, CC.

Acer palmatum Japanese Maple

Photograph of a Japanese Maple tree in Wnter ā€” Still beautiful ā€” by Andreas Rockstein, CC.

Acer palmatum Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer palmatum
  • Common Name: Japanese maple
  • Growing Zone: USA: 6 to 8
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 180 to 300
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 300 to 360
  • Time of Bloom:
  • Flower Details: Red
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Rounded, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Grows slowly
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Sandy, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Grafting or soft-wood cuttings
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Aphids and horse chestnut scale are sometimes a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wiltcan be problematic

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of: Rabbit, Black Walnut
  • Best Garden Use: Border, Areas requiring pest tolerance, Rock garden, Standard, Specimen, Woodland garden
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Closely Related Family Members: Baumanns horse chestnut.
  • Miscellaneous: Attractive foliage, Non-native to North America, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms
  • Genus Detail: Acer


Acer platanoides: Norway Maple

Norway maple

Norway Maple photograph by Blondinrikard Fr_berg.


Acer platanoides

Acer platanoides 'Oregon Pride' photograph by F. D. Richards, CC.

Acer platanoides Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer platanoides
  • Common Name: Norway maple
  • Growing Zone: USA: 3 to 7
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 600 to 960
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 420 to 600
  • Time of Bloom: Spring
  • Flower Details: Green
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Quick
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Grafting or soft-wood cuttings
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Aphids and horse chestnut scale are sometimes a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wiltcan be problematic

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of:
  • Best Garden Use: Firewood, Pollard, Screen
  • Genus Detail: Acer
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Norway maple Growing naturalized in the USA
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Miscellaneous: Non-native to North America, Invasive, Naturalizing, Attractive flowers / blooms


Acer pseudoplatanus: Sycamore Maple

Sycamore brilliantissimum

Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) photograph by Peter O'Connor aka anemoneprojectors.


Acer pseudoplatanus

Acer pseudoplatanus leaves by Leonora (Ellie) Enking CC.

Sycamore Seed Photograph

Sycamore seed by Karl-Ludwig Poggemann, CC.

Acer pseudoplatanus Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer pseudoplatanus
  • Common Name: Sycamore, Sycamore Maple, Sycamore brilliantissimum
  • Growing Zone: USA: 4 to 7
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 600 to 1200
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 420 to 960
  • Time of Bloom: Spring
  • Flower Details: Green, Yellow
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Quick
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Grafting
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Aphids, horse chestnut scale, caterpillars and gall mites may be a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wiltcan be problematic

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of:
  • Best Garden Use: Firewood, Seashore, Specimen, Large Garden and Street Tree
  • Genus Detail: Acer
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Miscellaneous: Non-native to North America, Naturalizing, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms


Acer rubrum: Red Maple

Red maple

swamp maple hiram maine photograph by InAweofGod'sCreation.


Acer rubrum

photograph by Alex Lomas, CC.

Acer rubrum Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer rubrum
  • Common Name: Red maple
  • Growing Zone: USA: 4 to 10
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 600 to 900
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 480 to 720
  • Time of Bloom: Winter and Spring
  • Flower Details: Red
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Oval, Rounded, Upright or erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Quick
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Wet

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seed or grafting
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Generally trouble free but Aphids and Horse chestnut scale are sometimes a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wiltcan be problematic

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of: Wet Soil, Air Pollution
  • Best Garden Use: Firewood, , Specimen, Large Garden and Street Tree, Woodland garden
  • Genus Detail: Acer
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Miscellaneous: Entices birdlife to the garden, North American native, Naturalizing, Wetlands plant, Attractive flowers / blooms


Acer saccharinum: Silver Maple

Silver maple

Acer saccharinum (silver maple tree in fall colors) photograph by James St. John, CC.


Acer saccharinum

Acer saccharinum, the Silver Maple by yetdark, CC.

Acer saccharinum Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer saccharinum
  • Common Name: Silver maple
  • Growing Zone: USA: 3 to 9
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 720 to 840
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 600 to 900
  • Time of Bloom: Spring
  • Flower Details: Red
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Rounded tree

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Quick
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Wet

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seed or grafting
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Aphids and horse chestnut scale are sometimes a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wiltcan be problematic

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of: Drought, Air Pollution
  • Best Garden Use: In the control of erosion, Firewood, , Woodland garden
  • Genus Detail: Acer
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Closely Related Family Members: Balloon Vine; and Chinese flowering chestnut.
  • Miscellaneous: Entices birdlife to the garden, North American native, Naturalizing


Acer saccharum: Sugar Maple

Sugar maple

Steeple Sugar Maple photograph by F. D. Richards.


Acer saccharum

Acer saccharum 'Majesty', the Sugar Maple by F. D. Richards, CC.

Acer saccharum Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Acer saccharum
  • Common Name: Sugar maple
  • Growing Zone: USA: 5 to 8
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Tree

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 600 to 780
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 480 to 600
  • Time of Bloom: Spring
  • Flower Details: Green
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Oval, Rounded

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Average pace
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Medium
  • Propagation: Seed or grafting
  • How to Prune: Requires little to no pruning. In some cases hard pruning can be disruptive.
  • Pests: Aphids and horse chestnut scale are sometimes a problem
  • Diseases: Usually disease free but Verticillium wiltcan be problematic

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of: Heavy Shade
  • Best Garden Use: Firewood, Screen, Specimen, Large Garden and Street Tree, Woodland garden
  • Genus Detail: Acer
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Cornell Woody Plants Database
  • Family: Sapindaceae
  • Miscellaneous: Brings birds to the garden, North American native, Inconspicuous flowers / blooms



Garden Plants Common Name Index

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