How to Grow Anethum Graveolens Plants in your Garden

Anethum graveolens goes by many names, but the most common is Dill or Dill weed.

An annual (and sometimes biennial) herb, it is most often prized for its aromatic and culinary qualities, but it also makes an attractive addition to flower gardens or as an indoor potted plant.

Dill is a member of the Apiaceae family, and can be grown as a summer annual in U.S. hardiness Zones 3 to 7 or as a winter crop in Zones 8 to 11. In the UK it is considered hardy to about – 10°C (14°F) and classified in hardiness group H4.

Anethum graveolens photograph by Matt Lavin.

These edible herbs are distinguished by their slender 16" to 24" (40 to 60 cm) stems, feathery, light-green fronds, and parasol-shaped clusters of tiny yellow flowers.

In vegetable gardens, they make good companions with cucumbers, broccoli, onions and lettuces.

They provide a striking contrast in flower gardens featuring bright blooms and dark green foliage.

They are attractive to beneficial insects and butterflies, so are a welcome addition in butterfly gardens.

Dill seeds are used in vinegar for pickling and as a spice, and the plant's fresh or dried leaves are used in a variety of dishes, salads and sauces.

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Dill

Anethum graveolens prefers full sun and well-drained soils and will typically grow two to four feet (60 to 120 cm) high with a spread one to two feet (30 to 60 cm) wide.

Its delicate taproot system makes it difficult to transplant, and as such, Dill is best grown from seed sown directly into the garden about 1/4-inch (6 mm) deep.

Best results can be had by first sowing in early spring with several more sowings thereafter into the summer.

When seedlings appear, separate them to about a foot (30 cm) apart.

By allowing some plants to go to seed each autumn, gardeners can generally eliminate the need to replant as they will self-sow and germinate again in the spring.

Anethum graveolens Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Anethum graveolens
  • Common Name: Dill
  • Growing Zone: USA: 2 to 11 / UK hardy: H4.
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Annual, Herbaceous

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 12 to 18
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 8 to 12
  • Time of Bloom: Summer
  • Flower Details: Yellow
  • Leaf Foliage: Blue, Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Upright / erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Average pace
  • Suitable Soil Types: Adaptable, Loamy, Neutral, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Moist

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seeds sown in succession from spring to mid-summer
  • How to Prune: No pruning required; can be left to self-seed after flowering
  • Pests: Generally pest resistant
  • Diseases: Usually pest free

Further Information

  • Can Attract:
  • Tolerant of: Deer
  • Best Garden Use: Border, Container
  • Family: Apiaceae.
  • Closely Related Species: Carrots, Parsley, and Celery.

  • Miscellaneous: Attractive foliage, Edible, Fragrant foliage, Non-native to North America, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers
  • Genus Detail: Anethum
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Anethum Graveolens. You may also enjoy the following Gardener's HQ growing guides: How to grow Cenolophium denudatum and Pimpinella plants.