How to Grow Anethum Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Dill

The common names for the herb Anethum is Dill.

The life cycle of this genus is that of a short lived perennial, though it is usually always grown as an annual by gardeners.

The Anethum plant typically flowers from the middle of summer until the middle of autumn.

Anethum graveolens
Dill photograph by Carl E Lewis.

Description of Dill

Anethum are small herbs that typically grow to between 16 to 32 inches (40 to 80 cm) in height. They have feathery leaves that are blueish green in color and have clusters of very small yellow flowers.

They make great plants for herb gardens; due to their awkward appearance they should not be grown as part of a flower garden.

Anethum - Dill
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 634.

Information on Anethum

There is only one member of the Anethum genus (Anethum graveolens). NB although Fennel is sometimes referred to as being Anethum foeniculum, it is more correctly classified as Foeniculum vulgare


Anethum plants originated in the East of Europe and wild varieties are present throughout Mediterranean regions of Europe and in Western Asia.

Characteristics of the Anethum genus include:
Being herbaceous.
Slender stems.
Finely divided leaves that may reach eight inches (20 cm) in length
Yellow flowers (some varieties may have white flowers)
Slightly curved seeds that are approximately 5 mm long and 1 mm thick

Anethum are members of the ninety one member Apiaceae (carrot) family and is closely related to Anise (Pimpinell, Chervil(Anthriscus), Celery (Apium), Coriander (Coriandrum), Fennel (Foeniculum) and Parsnip (Petroselinum).

Dill has many culinary uses and both its leaves, flowers and seeds can be used. The leaves are aromatic and are often used to add flavor to food, especially salmon, salads and soups. The Dill flowers may be pickled.

The seeds of dill can be used as a spice in fattoush salads, to flavor boiled potatoes, breads. Also many Thai seafood dishes make use of Dill where it is used to flavor coconut curries.

Some of the commonly grown Anethum varieties that are grown in gardens include:

Anethum graveolens (Dill); Bouquet; Fernleaf; Hercules; Saatgut; and Tetra

Warning: Dill is able to cross-fertilize with Fennel: Do not grow in the same vicinity

Dill seeds
Image of Dill Seeds by Andreas Balzer.

How to Grow Dill (Anethum)

It is best to plant Dill on the soil surface, every two to three weeks to maintain a crop. Seedlings should be spaced so as to be about twenty five to thirty centimeters apart.

Dill should be sown out starting from the early spring until the middle of summer. Anethum should to be grown in the sun.

The soil type should be rich and well drained; ideally the soil pH should be in the range of 5.5 to 6.5. It is best to fertilize the soil at the same time as transplanting seedlings that have been grown inside.

When starting Anethum off from seed indoors, the seeds should be sown six to seven weeks before transplanting.

How to Care for Dill

Dill requires to be fertilized in the early spring, this will ensure hearty growth throughout the summer.

Anethum graveolens plants should be sheltered from winds. It is important that they are not planted in the same vicinity as Fennel, as the herbs are able to cross fertilize, and the taste of the hybrids is not to be desired!

Dill can be grown inside during the winter months, but should be exposed to five to six hours of sunlight daily.

Quick Anethum Growing and Care Guide

Common Names: Dill, Bouquet, Fernleaf, Hercules, Saatgut, Tetra.
Life Cycle: Hardy annual.
Height: 16 to 24 inches (40 to 60 cm).
Native: Eastern Europe.
Growing Region: Zones 1 to 10.
Flowers: End of spring and summer.
Flower Details: Yellow, white. Small umbels.
Foliage: Herbaceous. Feathery. Fine.
Sow Outside: Surface. Sow out continuously at two week intervals from a month before the last frost through to the middle of summer. Spacing 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm).
Sow Inside: Does not like to be transplanted so use peat pots. Germination time: two to three weeks in the light. Temperature 60 to 70°F (16 to 21°C). Five or six weeks in advance. Transplant outdoors following the last frost.
Indoors: If growing indoors as a pot herb then ensure that Dill receives at least six hours of sunlight daily.
Requirements: Full sunlight or light shade. Good drainage. Soil pH 5.5 to 7. Rich soil. Moist soil. Feed at the start of the growing season. Water to keep soil moist.
Family: Apiaceae.
Miscellaneous: As Dill can cross-fertilize with Fennel it is improtant not to grow them close to each other.

Common Questions

How many members does the Anethum genus have?

The Anethum genus has only one member, which is Anethum graveolens, commonly known as dill.

Do members of Anethum make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Anethum graveolens is a great choice for gardens. Besides being a fragrant herb, it has delicate feathery leaves that provide a unique texture.

Which Anethum species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

The Anethum graveolens (Dill) is the only species in the genus and it is widely grown in gardens for its culinary and medicinal uses.

Is Dill perennial?

Dill is an annual herb, not a perennial.

How to Care for Dill Plants Indoors?

When growing dill indoors, first place them near a south-facing window or a place where it will get 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. Dill prefers an indoor temperature of between 60-70°F (15-21°C). Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, and fertilize with a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly. Trimming will encourage bushier growth.

Are members of the Anethum fragrant?

Yes, Dill, is known for its aromatic foliage and seeds, frequently used in cooking.

What is the perfect location to grow Anethum?

Anethum prefers locations with full sun and well-drained, slightly acidic soil.

Is Anethum invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

Anethum graveolens is not considered invasive in the USA, but as an annual herb, it can spread if not controlled.

How do I remove Anethum from my garden?

Since Anethum is an annual, it can be removed by simply pulling out the plants at the end of the growing season.


The Anethum genus, a member of the Apiaceae family, is most renowned for its sole species, Anethum graveolens, commonly known as dill. Originating in the eastern Mediterranean region and Western Asia, dill is a perennial herb noted for its feathery leaves and distinct, aromatic flavor, making it a popular ingredient in various cuisines. Its tiny yellow flowers arranged in umbels further add to its ornamental charm, allowing it to double as an attractive addition to gardens.

Dill prefers full sun exposure and well-drained soil. It tolerates a wide range of soil types, though it grows best in slightly acidic to neutral pH levels. Although it is relatively hardy, it does not fare well in extremely hot conditions, making it ideal for cooler summer climates. As a self-seeding plant, given proper conditions, it can proliferate in the garden without much assistance.

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Anethum plants. You may also enjoy the following Gardener's HQ growing guides: How to grow Aglaonema modestum, Weeping Fig, and Devil's Ivy Plants.