How to Grow Rochea Plants

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Jade plant and Money tree

Rochea genus are half hardy perennial sub shrubs that reach about 60 cm (2 feet) in height.

Members of this genus have recently been reclassified into Crassula. Therefore Rochea coccinea becomes Crassula coccinea.

Rochea bloom from spring to autumn and carry tubular fragrant flowers. These that may be Yellow, pink, red or white.

As a member of the Crassulaceae family, Rochea are closly related to the Sedum genera.

Rochea coccinea

Crassula coccinea
Rochea coccinea/Crassula coccinea, both photographs by Marius Coqui.

Rochea Growing and Care Guide

  • Common Names: Jade plant, Money tree, Friendship tree, Lucky plant.
  • Life Cycle: Half-hardy perennial.
  • Height: 14 to 84 inches (35—180 cm).
  • Native: Southern Africa.
  • Growing Region: Zones 9 to 10. Often grown indoors (especially Crassula orbicularis).

  • Flowers: Winter, Some species from spring through to autumn.
  • Flower Details: White, pink, red, yellow. Umbels. Fragrant.
  • Foliage: Succulent. Obovate green leaves. May turn red upon exposure to strong sun-light.

  • Sow Outside: Surface. Spring/summer.
  • Sow Inside: : Germination time: two weeks to two months. Temperature: 60 to 70°F (15—21°C). Seven or eight weeks in advance. Transplant outdoors well after the last frost when temperatures do not drop below 50°F (10°C). Spacing: 12 inches (30 cm).

  • Requirements and care: Full sunlight. Dry, sandy, coarse soil. Fertile. Consider growing in containers and bringing indoors over the winter in cooler areas. Cut back the shoots to about one inch (2.5 cm) once blooming has completed. Propagate: by taking cuttings of about 2.5 inches (6 cm) in the spring. These should be maintained at around 60°F (15°C).
  • Family: Crassulaceae
  • Closely Related Species: Stonecrop.
  • Miscellaneous: The Rochea genus was a small genus of 11 African succulent plants that have now been reclassified into the larger 200+ member Crassula genus. Commonly used indoors as an house plant.

How to Grow Rochea

The seeds of Rochea should be sown on the surface in spring or summer. Rochea prefers a fertile, sandy and dry soil and should be grown in a sunny area of the garden.

If staring off indoors do so about seven weeks in advance.

The Rochea seeds should take from two to seven weeks to germinate at a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees Celsius (59 to 68°F) in the light.

Transfer the young Rochea plants at about 30 cm (1 foot) apart in the middle of spring.

Caring for Rochea

Once growing it is a good idea to pinch back the tips of young Rochea plants as this will encourage branching, leading to a bushier plant. Once flowering has occurred cut the shoots back to about 3 cm (1 1/5th inch).

As they are half hardy perennials,it may be necessary to bring the plants indoors in cold climates. If you need more plants then they can be propagated by taking cuttings that are about 6 cm (2 inches) long in the spring.

Rochea cuttings should be grown at a temperature of 15 degrees centigrade (59°F), and the soil kept slightly moist.

Common Questions

How many members does the Rochea genus contain?

The Rochea genus has around 20 species.

Do Rochea members make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Yes, Rochea plants are a great choice for succulent gardens or rockeries due to their interesting forms and drought tolerance.

Which Rochea species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

Rochea falciformis is often grown for its intriguing cylindrical, curved leaves and bright red flowers.

Are Rochea plants fragrant?

Rochea plants are not typically known for their fragrance but are appreciated for their unique form and attractive flowers.

What is the perfect location to grow Rochea?

Rochea prefers a sunny location with well-drained soil. It's a succulent plant and tolerates dry conditions well.

Is Rochea invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

At present, Rochea species are not considered invasive in the USA.

How do I remove Rochea plants from my garden?

To remove Rochea, simply uproot the entire plant, making sure to remove all roots to prevent regrowth.


The Rochea genus contains succulent plants native to South Africa. They are generally small in size, and they produce clusters of star-shaped flowers in various shades.

Rochea plants require full sun and a well-drained soil to grow well. They are best suited to dry gardens or rock gardens and should be watered sparingly. As succulents, they are also suitable for container planting, making them versatile and adaptable to many garden styles.

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Rochea. You may also enjoy the following succulents growing guides: How to grow Euphorbia and Agave americana.