Information on Euphorbia has been split into two, this section includes information on the perennial varieties.
These plants have outstanding horizontal leaves and bracts, making them a very attractive feature in borders or for use as edging plants.
They can reach heights of between 15 and 90 cm, and the flowering time depends on the species (though never in the winter.
Some common names for perennial Euphorbia members include Spurge, Flowering, Cushion, and Wood Spurge, and Scarlet Plume. Go here for information on Euphorbia Ghost Weed species.
Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion Spurge) by Patrick Standish.
Spurge can be grown straight outdoors by sowing the seeds at a depth of 3 mm after the last frost of spring.
They should be sown in either a sunny or partially shaded part of the garden, they prefer a poor soil (ph 6 to 7) that can be moist.
If you prefer to start perennial Euphorbia plant species indoors first then they should be prepared about 7 or 8 weeks before they are due to be put in the garden following the last frost of spring.
The seeds should be pretreated by placing in a refrigerator for one week, then imbibing in warm water for about two hours.
The Spurge seeds should then be planted into peat pots. It will take about two to four weeks for the spurge seeds to germinate at 18 to 20 degrees centigrade.
Once the Euphorbia is growing, more plants can be had by taking cuttings once flowering has occurred or through collecting more seed. Perennial Euphorbia plants should be watered regular while it is growing.
The Euphorbia genus is large, consisting of about 2000 species.
Yes, many Euphorbia species, such as Spurge, are beloved for their unique flowers and drought-tolerant properties.
Euphorbia characias (Mediterranean Spurge) and Euphorbia pulcherrima (Poinsettia) are often grown by gardeners.
Most Euphorbia species do not have fragrant flowers. However, some may have a mild or pungent odor.
Many Euphorbia species prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. They're versatile and can fit in various parts of the garden.
Some Euphorbia species can be invasive in certain regions of the USA, such as Euphorbia esula (Leafy Spurge).
Use gloves to remove Euphorbia, as they exude a milky sap that can irritate skin. Dig up the entire plant, including roots.
The Euphorbia genus, also known as Spurge, is one of the largest and most diverse genera of flowering plants. These plants are native to all continents except Antarctica. These annuals, perennials, or shrubs are known for their unique, often colorful bracts and milky sap.
Euphorbia plants prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. They can be grown from seeds, cuttings, or division. With their diverse forms and vibrant colors, they can add interest to borders, containers, or rock gardens. Many species are also drought-tolerant, making them excellent for xeriscaping.
I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Euphorbia Spurge plants. You may also enjoy the following Gardener's HQ Euphorbiaceae growing guides: How to grow Aleurites moluccana and Ricinus plants.