How To Grow Goldenstar (Chrysogonum virginianum) In Your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Chrysogonum virginianum

Chrysogonum virginianum, often referred to by its common names Goldenstar or Green and Gold, is a charming perennial plant beloved by many gardeners.

It usually grows about six to twelve inches tall (15-30 cm) and spreads 12-18 inches wide (30-46 cm). This means it won't overpower other plants in your garden but will contribute to a balanced and harmonious composition.

Goldenstar photograph
Chrysogonum virginianum Goldenstar photograph by Peganum; CC.

One of the Goldenstar's most distinguishing features are its star-shaped, golden-yellow flowers that bloom from late spring to early summer.

Each flower has five petals that beam like a tiny sun from its heart. The foliage is a deep green, ovate or heart-shaped, adding a contrasting texture to your garden even when the plant is not in bloom.

Gardeners appreciate the Chrysogonum plant for its relatively easy care and its hardy nature. This plant is suitable for USDA zones 5-9 and it receives a hardiness rating of H5-H6 from the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS), meaning it can tolerate some cold.

It's often grown in woodland gardens or used as a groundcover, though it requires management to avoid invasiveness.

How to grow Chrysogonum virginianum in the garden

When it comes to planting and caring for Chrysogonum virginianum, you will want to choose a location that offers partial shade to full shade. While it can tolerate some sun, this plant thrives best when shielded from direct sunlight. Ideal soil conditions should be well-drained, humus-rich soil.

If you're planting from seeds, it's best to sow them in late summer to early fall, whereas if you're planting from purchased plants, it's better to do this in spring. Germination generally takes place in 14-28 days at temperatures around 70°F (21°C).

Propagation can be achieved by dividing established clumps in the spring, which is a straightforward process for even beginner gardeners.

Regular watering is essential for the Goldenstar, but be careful not to waterlog the soil. Annually applying a layer of compost can boost your plant's health and flowering potential.

Green and Gold flower photograph by Katja Schulz; CC.

This plant can be grown in pots and containers, making sure there is good drainage and partial shade. Although it's not typically grown as a houseplant due to its need for outdoor conditions, it's a common choice for patio containers and hanging baskets.

Notably, Chrysogonum virginianum is known to attract pollinators like bees and butterflies, enriching the local ecosystem, and it's also resistant to deer, making it a practical choice for gardens with wildlife.

However, watch out for slugs which may be attracted to this plant. With proper care and attention, the Chrysogonum virginianum will surely be a standout addition to your garden.

Quick Chrysogonum virginianum Growing and Care Guide

Scientific Name: Chrysogonum virginianum

Common Name(s): Goldenstar, Green and Gold

Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): USDA Zones: 5-9 RHS Hardiness Rating: H5-H6

Best Used For / Garden Location: Typically grown in woodland gardens or as a groundcover; ideal location is under partial shade in well-drained areas.

Plant Details

Life Cycle / Plant Type: Perennial

Plant Height: 6-12 inches (15-30.5 cm)

Plant Spread: 12-18 inches (30.5-45.7 cm)

Blooms: Late Spring to early Summer

Flower Details: Star-shaped, golden-yellow flowers with 5 petals each.

Leaf Foliage: Deep green, ovate or heart-shaped leaves.

Fruit: Inconspicuous

Growing Conditions and Location

Best Light Conditions: Partial shade to full shade

Suitable Soil Types: Well-drained, humus-rich soil

Sowing / planting: Sow seeds in late summer to early fall or plant purchased plants in spring.

Germination time: Germinates in 14-28 days at temperatures around 70°F (21°C).

Propagation: By division of established clumps in spring.

Plant Care: Water regularly but avoid waterlogging; apply a layer of compost annually.

Growing in pots and containers: Suitable for containers; ensure good drainage and partial shade.

Growing as a House plant: Not typically grown as a houseplant due to its need for outdoor conditions.

Further Information

Miscellaneous: Attracts pollinators like bees and butterflies; resistant to deer; may become invasive if not properly managed.

Pests and diseases: Generally disease-free but may attract slugs.

Common Cultivars / Varieties: Chrysogonum virginianum 'Pierre' has compact growth and profuse blooming. Chrysogonum virginianum 'Eco-Lacquered Spider' is known for its dark green, glossy leaves.

Family: Asteraceae, the Daisy family

Native: Eastern United States

References and Further Reading:
North Carolina State Extension – Chrysogonum virginianum; An in-depth guide to growing and caring for Chrysogonum virginianum.
Missouri Botanical Garden – Chrysogonum virginianum; Detailed information on the plant's characteristics.
RHS – Golden Knee; This growing guide for covers care and maintenance for this mat-forming perennial.

Common Questions

What can I plant with Chrysogonum virginianum?

Chrysogonum virginianum pairs well with other shade-loving perennials. Consider planting it with Hostas, Ferns, or Heucheras. These plants not only tolerate similar conditions but also offer contrasting textures and colors, enhancing the overall visual appeal of your garden.
Is Chrysogonum a sun or shade plant?

Chrysogonum virginianum generally thrives in partial to full shade. It's best placed in areas of the garden where the sun is filtered or dappled, as intense direct sunlight may stress the plant.

Where is Goldenstar / Green and Gold invasive?

While Chrysogonum virginianum is not typically invasive, it can spread aggressively under ideal conditions. Keep in mind that this can occur in any area where the plant's growing conditions are met, so regular maintenance is advised.


Chrysogonum virginianum, commonly known as Goldenstar, is a perennial plant native to the Eastern United States. This plant, typically grown in woodland gardens, thrives under partial shade in well-drained, humus-rich soil. It can be propagated by division of clumps in spring.

I hope that you have enjoyed reading this guide on how to grow Chrysogonum virginianum You may also enjoy the following growing guides: How to grow Cosmos, Cladanthus, and Celmisia plants in the garden.

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