Belamcanda plants are hardy perennials.
They are often known by their common names of Blackberry lily or Leopard flower. Varieties include Belamcanda chinensis, Belamcanda flabellata and Belamcanda freckle face.
Following genetical analysis, Belamcanda has now been classified as an Iris, and scientifically renamed to Iris domestica; many gardeners still use their more familiar name..
They flower in the summer with brightly colored sword like freckly orange flowers; many have been bred to have yellow, pink and purple varieties.
Plants of the Belamcanda genus tend to be about 45 to 90 cm in height.
It is best to sow Belamcanda seeds outdoors in the early spring or autumn, lightly cover the seeds following sowing.
If using Belamcanda root stocks then these should be planted at a depth of 5 to 8 cm.
If you plan to start the growing of blackberry lily seeds indoors then sow about eight weeks before planned transplanting outdoors.
The seeds should first be placed in moist soil and placed in a plastic bag, refrigerated for one week before shifting to the light.
Growth of Belamcanda should then continue at a temperature of 19 to 29 degrees Celsius.
The seedlings should be planted outdoors in early spring before the last frost or in early autumn.
They should be planted in either a sunny or lightly shaded area of the garden in a moist well drained soil with a pH of 5 to 7 with a spacing of about 15 to 2o cm.
Belamcanda chinensis (leopard Flower) photograph by Jeffery Coffman.
Blackberry Lilies are easy to look after: water in dry spells and cut back the plant to the ground in the autumn.