Welcome to the Gardener's HQ Guide on How to Grow Fennel
Fennel is a favourite plant of many cooks.
Although it is a hardy perennial it is usually grown by gardeners as a hardy annual.
It has leaves of a feathery nature and umbrella clusters of very small yellow flowers; these are carried on 10 cm long stalks.
This page is a general growing guide for members of the Foeniculum genus. Go here for specific advice on Growing Fennel in your Garden.
The scientific name for Fennel is Foeniculum vulgare.
Common Names: Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Florence Fennel, Finocchio.
Life Cycle: Hardy perennial usually grown as a hardy annual by gardeners.
Height: 36 to 100 inches (90 to 250 cm).
This section will tell you all that you need to know about how to grow Fennel plants successfully. First off, the Fennel seeds should be planted outdoors at the beginning of spring before the last frost has occurred.
For best results Fennel should be grown in sunny part of the garden even though they are tolerant of light shade.
Fennel and other Foeniculum should be grown in a soil that has a pH of 6 to 8 and good drainage. You may prefer to start growing fennel indoors, to plant outside in the spring or autumn. If so grow the fennel in a peat pot, but do not expect all the plants to survive.
Fennel is grown for its leaves, these can be harvested as soon as the plant has flowered. You will find that the fennel (Foeniculum) plant produces more leaves if you remove the flowers after they have bloomed.
It is important not to grow Dill in the same area as Fennel, as the Dill species is closely related and able to cross pollinate! Harvest seeds in the autumn and store in a Tupperware or similar container.