How to Grow Freesia Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Freesia

Freesia are half hardy bulbs. They carry beautiful funnel like flowers that have a lovely fragrance.

Freesia flower in the winter and spring; these flowers can be of many patterns and colours, including orange, yellow, pink, red, blue, or white.

Many gardeners like to grow them in containers to show their Freesia's off as feature plants.

Striped Fressia
Striped Freesia by Living in Monrovia.

Freesia by ahisgett.

How to Grow Freesia

Freesia Growing Guide and Facts

Common Names: Freesia
Life Cycle: Half hardy bulb.
Height: 12 to 16 inches (30 to 40 cm).
Native: Africa.
Family: Iridaceae.

Growing Region: Zones 9 to 10. Or in containers.
Flowers: Winter and spring.
Flower Details: White, purple, red, pink, orange, yellow. Funnel-shaped. Fragrant.
Foliage: Herbaceous. Narrow leaves.

Sow Outside: Warm areas only.
Corms: 1 to 2 inches (3 to 5 cm). Autumn. Spacing 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm).
Seeds: 1/4 inch (6 mm). Before the last spring.
Sow Inside: Germination time: three weeks to one month. Temperature: 65 to 75°F (18 to 24°C). Seeds should be soaked for one day. Sow in the beginning of spring.

Requirements and care: Full sunlight. Good drainage. Moist soil. Mix in manure. Regular watering whilst during vegetative growth. Light watering whilst in bloom. Provide support for Freesia with twigs or grow in close proximity. Propagate: from offsets in the autumn.

How to Grow Freesia

Freesia can be grown from either corms or seed. The corms can be planted outdoors in the autumn at a depth of about 4 to 5 cm (2 inches) in warm areas.

It is probably best to grow Freesia from seeds (and corms) indoors first. Firstly soak the Freesia seeds in warm water for a full day, then plant the Freesia seeds at a depth of 6 mm (1/4 inch), and corms at 5 cm (2 inches).

Germination takes about a month, and should be done at about 18 to 24 degrees Centigrade (64 to 75°F).

Caring for Freesia in the Garden

Once growing, young Freesia should be transplanted out into the garden at a distance of 10 cm (4 inches) apart. Locate in a sunny area of the garden that has good drainage.

Freesia likes to grow in a moist manured soil. If you require to grow more Freesia plants then you can take offsets in the autumn.

Freesia require frequent watering until they come into bloom, once flowering, Freesia should be lightly watered. This can be discontinued once the flowering season has finished.

Common Questions

How many members does the Freesia genus have?

The Freesia genus includes approximately 16 species.

Do members of Freesia make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Yes, Freesia is highly valued in gardens for their attractive and fragrant flowers which bloom in a variety of colours.

Which Freesia species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

The hybrid Freesia x hybrida, known for its vibrant and fragrant flowers, is popular among gardeners.

Are members of the Freesia plant genus fragrant?

Yes, Freesia is known for its sweet and citrusy fragrance, which is often used in perfumes.

What is the perfect location to grow Freesia?

Freesia plants thrive in full sun with well-draining soil and do well in containers.

Is Freesia invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

Currently, Freesia is not recognized as an invasive species in the USA.

How do I remove Freesia plants from my garden?

To remove Freesia, dig up the bulbs when the plant is dormant, usually in late summer or fall.


The Freesia genus is part of the Iridaceae family, famous for its funnel-shaped flowers and alluring fragrance. These plants are indigenous to the eastern side of southern Africa, from Kenya down to South Africa.

Plant Freesia bulbs in early spring in a location with full sun exposure and well-drained soil. The bulbs should be planted 2 inches deep and approximately 3 inches apart. They will require frequent watering until after blooming, at which point watering can be reduced.

I hope that you found this guide on how to grow Freesia plants in your garden. You may also enjoy my gardening guides on how to grow Blue eyed Grass, Dierama plant, and Libertia plants.