How to Grow Yucca Gloriosa Plants in your Garden

Yucca Gloriosa is an easy to care for plant that adds drama and dimension to your landscaping.

If you want an exotic, easy to care for accent plant, then this plant can be a great choice.

Spanish dagger

Sarasota - Spanish Bayonet Plant photograph by Roger W.

Also known as Spanish Dagger, this ornamental evergreen shrub is native to the warm, coastal regions of the southeastern USA.

The stiff, 1-2 foot (30 to 60 cm) long sword-shaped leaves droop downwards, and are either solid, deep green, or variegated.

Once mature, the plant shoots up a flower stalk, covered with many bell-shaped flowers in shades of white. The flower stalk can reach a height of eight feet 2.4 m).

Yucca gloriosa plant in bloom
Yucca gloriosa plant in bloom, photograph by Ettore Balocchi; CC.

As a young plant, Yucca Gloriosa hugs the ground and has a rosette form, but as it matures, it develops tall woody stalks, sprouting a crown of sword-shaped leaves.

Yucca gloriosa leaves
Leaves of the Variegata Yucca gloriosa cultivar, image by Torquay Palms; CC.

Gardener's HQ Yucca Gloriosa Growing Guide

This plant is native to the sandy, coastal regions of the southeastern US, from North Carolina down to Florida. Therefore, It thrives in well-drained, sandy soil, and also does well in rocky soil.

Ideally the Yucca Gloriosa plant enjoys an alkaline soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5.

Spanish Sword is drought tolerant so it does need to be watered regularly. Indeed good drainage is important — do not let it stand in water as standing water can cause root-rot.

While Yucca Gloriosa looks similar to the varieties of Yucca native to the desert regions of the Southwest, it will not thrive in a true, desert environment. As it naturally grows at the southeastern coast, it is adapted to areas with milder temperatures and greater rainfall.

This plant doesn’t require any pruning, except to cut away dead leaves, also cut down the flower stalk once it dies.

Yucca gloriosa Spanish Dagger Botanic Picture
Yucca gloriosa the Spanish Dagger, Botanic Picture sourced from 'Traité des arbres et arbustes que l'on cultive en France en pleine terre' by Rawpixel Ltd; CC.

Yucca gloriosa Growing and Care Guide

  • Scientific Name: Yucca gloriosa
  • Common Name: Spanish dagger, Adam's needle, Roman Candle.
  • Growing Zone: USA: 6 to 11; UK H5 (Hardy throughout the UK)
  • Life Cycle / Plant Type: Shrub

Plant Details

  • Plant Height (Inches): 72 to 120
  • Plant Spread (Inches): 72 to 120
  • Time of Bloom: Spring and Summer
  • Flower Details: White
  • Leaf Foliage: Green
  • Fruit:
  • Growth Form: Upright / erect

Ideal Growing Conditions

  • Best Light Conditions: Partially shady to full sunlight
  • Rate of Growth: Grows slowly
  • Suitable Soil Types: Acidic, Alkaline, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Well drained
  • Soil Moisture: Dry

Caring Conditions

  • Care:
  • Level of Maintenance: Low
  • Propagation: Seed or from rooted suckers
  • How to Prune: Not needed
  • Pests: aphids
  • Diseases: Leaf spot

Further Information

  • Can Attract: Butterflies
  • Tolerant of: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Air Pollution
  • Best Garden Use: En masse, Specimen
  • Family: Asparagaceae
  • Genus Detail: Yucca.
  • Closely Related Plant Genera: Chionodoxa, Scilla plants, and Brimeura

  • Miscellaneous: North American native, Attracts butterflies, Fragrant flowers, Blooms are very showy.
  • Further Reading and References: Here and Here

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Yucca gloriosa. You may also enjoy the following Yucca growing guides:

How to grow Yucca Rostrata, Yucca thompsoniana and Yucca schidigera.