Muscari Plant Growing & Care Guide for Gardeners

In this Gardener's HQ guide, we'll explore cultivating Muscari plants in your garden, indoor spaces, and other settings.

Grape Hyacinth, Tassel Hyacinth, & Baby's Breath: Cultivation & Garden Use

Muscari are grown from bulbs and reach a height of between 10 and 20 cm.

This small size makes them ideal for use in rock gardens, or for growing below taller plants such as shrubs.

The minute spherical Muscari flowers of white, blue, or purple that are clustered atop a leafless stem; these bloom in the spring.

Common names for Muscari include Grape Hyacinth and Tassel Hyacinth.

See this page of the site if you are interested in growing the Common Hyacinth, which is a member of the Hyacanthus genus.

Muscari photograph by Jess Beemouse.

Muscari armeniacum
Muscari armeniacum (Grape hyacinth) picture by TANAKA Juuyoh.

Muscari Growing and Care Guide

  • Common Names: Grape Hyacinth, Tassel Hyacinth, Baby's breath, Bluebell.
  • Life Cycle: Hardy bulb.
  • Height: 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm).
  • Native: Mediterranean. Central Europe. Central and Western Asia. Naturalized to Northern America and Europe.
  • Growing Region: Zones 4 to 8.
  • Flowers: Spring.
  • Flower Details: White, purple, Dark blue. Tiny. Spherical. Clustered.
  • Foliage: Blade. Leafless stem. Green.
  • Grow Outside: Usually grown from bulbs.
    Seeds: Cover. Summer from fresh seed. Germination time: 6 to 8 weeks. Seeds should first be sown into flats. Next sink the flat into the ground in an area that offers shade, preferably close to a wall that faces north. Provide a glass/plastic covering until sprouting has occurred. Keep an eye on the flats to ensure that the soil remains moist and to check if seedlings have emerged. After one year of growth, transplant the bulbs to their final location in the autumn with a spacing 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7 cm).
    Bulbs: 3 inches deep (8 cm). Autumn.
  • Sow Inside: No.
  • Requirements and care: Full sunlight or partial shade. Good drainage. Ordinary soil. Regular watering during dry periods. Supply an autumn mulch of manure. Divide after 3 or 4 years to maintain vigor. Propagate: by dividing bulblets in summer. Or Self-seed.
  • Family: Asparagaceae.
  • Closely Related Species: Asparagus, Yucca, and Agave.
  • Miscellaneous: One of the earliest species to come into bloom in the spring.

How to Grow Grape Hyacinth

It is best to grow Grape hyacinth from bulbs in the autumn, these should be burried about 8cm deep and spaced about 5 to 6 cm apart.

Grape Hyacinth and other Muscari are able to grow in both sunny and partially shaded areas; the soil should be well drained and slightly acidic to neutral (ph 6 to 7).

If you plan to grow Grape Hyacinth plants from seeds then sow them into flats. Lightly cover the seed, then sink the flat into a shady part of the garden; cover with glass. It can take from six to nine weeks to germinate. Once seedlings have emerged remove the glass cover, and allow to grow for a further year. The bulb can then be transplanted in the autumn.

Caring for Muscari Plants

It is fairly easy to look after Grape Hyacinth and other Muscari plants, they should be watered in dry periods, and mulched with manure every autumn.

It is best to divide the plants every four years to maintain vigorous growth. If you require more Muscari then they can be propagated by dividing the bulblets in the summer time.

Common Questions

How many members does the Muscari genus contain?

The Muscari genus contains approximately 40 species, often referred to as Grape Hyacinths.

Do Muscari members make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Yes, Muscari are ideal for rock gardens, borders, or naturalizing in grass. Their clusters of bell-shaped flowers add early spring color.

Which Muscari species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

Muscari armeniacum (Armenian Grape Hyacinth) and Muscari botryoides (Common Grape Hyacinth) are the most popular choices for their abundant, cobalt-blue flowers.

Are Muscari plants fragrant?

Yes, Muscari plants have a sweet, light fragrance, which makes them a pleasant addition to gardens and cut flower arrangements.

What is the perfect location to grow Muscari?

Muscari prefers full sun to part shade and well-drained soil. It's very hardy and can grow in a wide range of conditions.

Is Muscari invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

Some Muscari species, like Muscari botryoides, can naturalize and spread aggressively, but they're not listed as invasive in the USA.

How do I remove Muscari plants from my garden?

If you need to remove Muscari, wait until the foliage has yellowed, then dig up the bulbs. Be sure to get all the tiny bulbs to prevent regrowth.


Muscari, or Grape Hyacinths, are a genus in the Asparagaceae family. These perennial bulbs are celebrated for their clusters of bell-shaped, cobalt-blue flowers that resemble tiny grapes, appearing in early to mid-spring.

Plant Muscari bulbs in a sunny to partially shaded location with well-drained soil in the fall. Water moderately during the growing season. They naturalize easily, creating a beautiful carpet of color in the garden when in bloom.

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Muscari plants. You may also enjoy the following Gardener's HQ growing guides: How to grow Veltheimia and Yucca aloifolia plants.