Members of the Mentha genus are hardy perennial herbs that reach from 45 to 90 cm in height.
They are often used in cooking, herbal remedies, and for making teas.
They flower in the summer with flowers of pink, white or purple.
Common names for plants from Mentha include Mint, pudding grass, Chocolate Mint, and Pennyroyal.
Mentha piperita (Peppermint) photograph by nociveglia
Mentha arvensis (Corn Mint) picture by anemoneprojectors.
If you plan to grow mint in the herb garden, it is best to sink them within a container, within the herb garden; this will stop the mint from spreading.
When using mint from the garden it is best to use fresh leaves, but the leaves can also be frozen or dried for later use.
To freeze mint, it is best to wash the leaves, then chop them before freezing the mint leaves as quickly as possible.
It is much easier to grow mint from cuttings, divisions or runners than it is from seed. These can be planted in the garden in either spring or autumn.
Members of the mint family can grow in either sunny or partially shaded locations and have a preference for a moist soil of pH 6.5 to 8.5.
At the time of planting the mint add compost to the soil. Ideally the plants should be planted from 30 cm to 60 cm apart.
It is best to grow mint in their own pots to prevent them from spreading; sink the pot into the herb garden, and remove mint runners to prevent them from spreading.
To create vigorous and bushy Mentha plant species growth it is best to pinch back the tips of young plants. Every three years the mint plants should be divided and re-potted in fresh soil and compost to maintain healthy growth.
Common Names: Mint, Pudding Grass, Pennyroyal.
Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.
Height: 6 to 48 inches (15 to 120 cm).
Native: Europe. North America. Asia. Australasia. Africa.
Growing Region: Zones 7 to 9.
Flower Details: Pink, Purple, White. Small. Terminal spikes.
Foliage: Fragrant. Herbaceous. Oppositely paired. Oblong to Lance-shaped. Toothed.
Grow Outside: Usually grown from cuttings, divisions or runners. Plant in spring or autumn. Spacing 8 to 24 inches (20 to 60 cm).
Grow Inside: Pot up Mentha at the start of autumn and bring indoors. Supply at least five hours of sunlight per day.
Requirements and care: Full sunlight or partial shade. Good drainage. Soil pH 6.5 to 8.0. Moist soil. Mix in non-manure compost to the soil at time of planting. Provide a monthly feed. Move to new location every three or four years. Propagate: by dividing, taking cuttings or planting runners in the spring or autumn.
Miscellaneous: Can grow very aggressively and considered to be invasive in many areas; best to grow in contained areas; plant roots in a tub. If planning to store mint it is best to chop and freeze it rather than dry it.