How to Grow Podophyllum Plants
Guide to Growing Mayapple and Mandrake
Members of the Podophyllum genus are hardy perennials.
They have flat lobed leaves and bloom in the springtime carrying flowers below their leaves.
The flowers are usually white and cup shaped.
Some common names for Podophyllum include Mayapple, Mandrake, and Himalayan Mayapple.
Growing and Care Guide
- Common Names: Mayapple (Himalayan, Chinese), May apple (Indian), Mandrake.
- Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.
- Height: 12 to 16 inches (30—40 cm).
- Native: East Asia. North America.
- Growing Region: Zones 3 to 9.
- Flowers: Spring.
- Flower Details: White. Cup-shaped.
- Foliage: Herbaceous. Flat. Palmate. Lobed. Umbrella-like. 8 to 12 inches (20—30 cm).
- Sow Outside: Seeds: Cover seed. Sow from the middle to late summer using fresh seed. Germination time: one to six months. Seeds should first be sown into flats. Next sink the flat into the ground in an area that offers shade, preferably close to a wall that faces north. Provide a glass/plastic covering. Keep an eye on the flats to ensure that the soil remains moist and to check if seedlings have emerged. After one year transfer into pots. After two years of growth, transplant the seedlings to their final location in autumn.
Plant rhizomes one inch deep (2.5 cm). Spacing 12 to 15 inches (30—38 cm).
- Sow Inside: No.
- Requirements and care: Light to full shade. Acidic to neutral soil pH 4 to 7. Rich, moist soil. Provide wood chip mulch in the spring, and a leaf mold mulch in the autumn. Regular watering to maintain a moist soil. Propagate: by dividing once blooming has finished. Self-seeds.
- Closely Related Species:
- Miscellaneous: Traditional medical uses include the induction of vomiting and as a laxative.
How to Grow Mayapple and other Podophyllum
Mayapples can either be grown from Rhizomes or from seeds. If growing from Rhizomes bury them about 3 cm deep. The seeds should be fresh and sown into flats, under glass, in a shaded part of the garden in august or September. Seeds can take from one to six months to germinate. Once you see seedlings let them grow for a year; transplant to individual pots and allow the Mayapple to grow for a further year, then transplant into the garden in spring or autumn.
If you purchase Podophyllum from a garden center then plant them outdoors in the spring or autumn about 30 to 40 cm apart. Plants like to grow in a moist soil that is rich and acidic (pH 4 to 7). They are able to thrive in both sunny and lightly shaded areas of the garden.
Caring for Podophyllum plants
The ground that Podophyllum plants grow in should be mulched in spring (wood chips) and autumn (leaf mild) to protect the plant. As they like a moist soil they should be watered frequently. If you require more plants then they can be propagated by division once the plant has finished flowering.