Potentillaplants usually grow as hardy perennial sub shrubs and range in height from 8 to 120 cm.
The time they come into bloom is dependent upon the Potentilla species, and may be anytime from the middle of spring through to the autumn. They are usually long blooming.
They carry circular flowers of white, yellow or red atop wiry stems.
Their small size makes Potentilla an ideal plant to grow in rock gardens. They also look good as a low growing hedge, or in a border.
A common name for Potentilla is Cinquefoil.
Potentilla by ndrwfgg.
Common Names: Cinquefoil, Ruby / Shrubby cinquefoil, Tormentils, Barren strawberries
Life Cycle: Annual, biennial, perennial
Height: 3 to 48 inches (8 to 120 cm).
Growing Region: Zones 3 to 7.
Bloom time: Species dependent - Mid-spring to autumn. Long Bloom time. Shrubby cinquefoil in the Summer
Flower Details: Strawberry-like. Yellow.
Foliage: Herbaceous. Sub-shrub. five leaves.
Sow Outside: Cover seeds. Spacing 3 to 10 inches (8 to 20 cm).
Sow Inside: Eight weeks in advance. Transplant start of autumn or before the last frost
Requirements Full sunlight to part shade. Average Soil, pH pH 5 to 7. Moderate watering. Grows vigourosly, may need to be controlled. Other: Low maintenance plant. Attracts butterflies. Tolerant to deer and drought. Helps prevent soil erosion.
The seeds of Potentilla plant species such as Cinquefoil can be sowed in either early autumn or early spring. They should be sown from 20 to 45 cm apart (depending upon Potentilla species size), and the seeds lightly covered. Cinquefoil likes to grow in a sandy soil that is slightly acidic to neutral (pH 5 to 7). Ideally they should grow in a sunny part of the garden but prefer partial shade in the afternoon.
If starting indoors then do so about two months in advance. The Cinquefoil seeds take from two to four weeks to germinate, and the young Cinquefoil seedlings should be transplanted into the garden either at the start of autumn or before the last frost of spring.
Cinquefoil and other Potentilla are easy to grow and look after. The flowering stems should be cut back in the autumn, and a light topdressing of organic matters every spring will do wonders. If you require more Potentilla plants then they can be propagated by taking cuttings in autumn, or by division in the spring.
I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Potentilla plants. Updated September 2020.