Matricaria plants carry white daisy like flowers and golden pompom shaped flowers. These are often used to create herbal drinks.
Matricaria can be either hardy annuals or perennials, but are usually grown as half hardy annuals by gardeners.
The plants reach an height of between 10 cm and 60 cm (4 to 24 inches).
It is the flowers of Matricaria plants that are used to make chamomile tea.
If you want to harvest flowers for making Chamomile tea, then it is best to collect flowers on a sunny day (ensuring that the flowers are fully open), then dry them in the sun.
Discard the stems and leaves, and store the chamomile flowers in an air tight container.
Some of the common names for Matricaria include Sweet Chamomile, German Chamomile, Feverfew, and False chamomile.
Matricaria discoidea - Pineapple Weed Photograph by Arran Edmonstone under CC licence.
Common Names: German Chamomile, Mayweed, Pineapple Weed, Feverfew. Chamomile: Common; Blue; Sweet; False.
Life Cycle: Hardy annual. Hardy perennial commonly grown as a half hardy annual by gardeners.
Height: 2 to 24 inches (5 to 60 cm).
Native: Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa.
Growing Region: Zones 4 to 10.
Sow the seeds of sweet chamomile outdoors on the soil surface at the start of spring; chamomile should have a light frost for best germination.
They can grow in either lightly shaded or sunny parts of the garden, but should have good drainage. The soil type should not be rich and sweet chamomile can grow in poor soils.
When starting to grow sweet chamomile seedlings indoors then start about 7 weeks in advance.
It should take the seeds about one to three weeks to germinate at 18 to 24 degrees Celsius (75°F).
Once ready, transplant into the garden at about 20 cm (8 inches; small Matricaria varieties) to 40 cm (16 inches; large Matricaria species).
It is easy to maintain sweet Chamomile and other Matricaria plants in the garden. The young plants should be pinched back to encourage bushy growth, and they should be fed in the spring.
Once the growing season has finished, cut back the plants in the autumn, or ideally remove the old plants and let new ones grow from seeds the following year, for increased intensity.
The Matricaria genus comprises about 23 species, the most known of which is Chamomile.
Yes, Matricaria species like chamomile are popular in gardens for their daisy-like flowers, pleasant scent, and medicinal properties. They're also great for pollinator gardens.
The most commonly grown species is Matricaria chamomilla (Chamomile), appreciated for its lovely flowers and uses in herbal teas.
Yes, many Matricaria species, such as chamomile, have a sweet, apple-like fragrance, especially when the leaves are crushed.
Matricaria prefers a sunny location with well-drained soil. It tolerates poor soil and can be a good choice for rock gardens or borders.
Currently, Matricaria is not considered invasive in the USA.
Matricaria can be removed by hand-pulling or hoeing, making sure to remove the entire root system to prevent regrowth.
The Matricaria genus, including the popular chamomile, is a group of flowering plants in the aster family. Known for their daisy-like flowers, they're often used in teas and traditional medicine, as well as garden ornamentals.
Matricaria plants prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Plant them in the spring, after the last frost. Water them regularly but avoid overwatering. These plants are fairly hardy and require minimal maintenance once established.