Salvia are hardy annuals or half hardy perennials that are both nice to look at and have many culinary uses.
Some common names for Salvia include Sage, Peruvian sage, Honeydew sage, golden sage, tricolored sage, purple sage and Meadow Clary.
For the best flavour the perennial varieties may be grown as annuals or biennials.
The leaves of Sage can be harvested at any time, but if you are planning to dry them, then harvest sage leaves before flowering has occurred.
Salvia plants bloom from the summer through autumn. They have lipped tubular flowers; these can be of many colours including red, purple, yellow and white.
When growing Sage from seed it is very important to sow from fresh seed.
If growing indoors first, then it is necessary to first refrigerate the sage seeds for three weeks (within moist soil; in a plastic bag).
The sage seeds should then be sown on the surface of vermiculite and watered from beneath.
Germination of Sage should take from about one to three weeks at 18 to 24 degrees centigrade.
Salvia pratensis – Meadow Clary by Franco Folini.
Sage should be transplanted outdoors following the last frost.
If starting to grow Sage outdoors from the off, then sow the seed at the end of February, or in autumn for biennial Salvia plant genus members.
Sage prefers a sunny area of the garden to grow in, but may require afternoon shade in very warm areas.
The soil that Sage and other Salvia grow in should be rich and moist. Ideally the Ph will be slightly acidic to neutral (pH 5.8 to 7.0).
Salvia should be spaced at about 15 cm / 6 inches (small varieties) to 60 cm / 2 feet (large Salvia plants).
Once established pinch back the tips of young Sage plants when they reach about 16 cm (6 inches); this will encourage more branching and a bigger harvest.
Once Salvia Plants have flowered dead-head them. Sage likes moist soil, so it is important to water them regularly.
If you are growing perennial Salvia then cut them back in the autumn to about 5 cm (2 inches) in height, and divide them every four years to maintain vigor.
Common Names: Sage, Clary, Chia. Sage: Common; Greek; Pineapple; White; Mexican bush; Baby; Scarlet; Diviners.
Life Cycle: Half hardy annual, hardy annual. Half hardy perennial commonly grown as a biennial or half hardy annual by gardeners.
Height: 12 to 60 inches (30 to 150 cm).
Native: Mediterranean, Americas, Europe, Asia.
Growing Region: Zones 3 to 10.
Yes, salvia flowers are edible. They can be used in salads, teas or as garnish. However, always ensure the variety of salvia is safe for consumption as some types can be hallucinogenic.
Salvia, or sage, is prized for its culinary, medicinal, and ornamental uses. It's known to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In the garden, its colorful flowers attract pollinators.
The English name for the herb Salvia is Sage.
No, salvia and lavender are different. They both belong to the mint family, Lamiaceae, but are different genera. They have different growth habits, flower forms, and care requirements.
The Salvia genus, commonly known as Sage, is one of the largest in the mint family, with over 900 species currently recognized.
Absolutely, members of the Salvia genus are popular in gardens and landscapes due to their vibrant blooms, aromatic foliage, and resilience in a variety of climates.
Salvia officinalis (Common Sage), Salvia splendens (Scarlet Sage), and Salvia leucantha (Mexican Bush Sage) are among the most commonly cultivated species.
Yes, many species of Salvia, especially Salvia officinalis, have aromatic leaves that release a pleasant scent when touched or crushed.
Salvia plants prefer full sun and well-drained soil. They can be grown in a variety of climates, but perform best in zones 5-8.
Currently, most Salvia species are not considered invasive in the USA, though local regulations can vary. Always check with your local extension service.
To remove Salvia, uproot the plants manually, ensuring the entire root system is removed. Consider using a gardening fork for larger plants to prevent regrowth.
Salvia, commonly referred to as Sage, is a large genus of plants with a range of uses, from culinary to medicinal. As a large genus it originates from many parts of the world, including Central and South America, Central Asia, and the Mediterranean region. Salvias are known for their aromatic foliage and attractive flowers.
Salvia plants can be grown from seeds, cuttings, or purchased as young plants, and the best time to plant them is in the spring or autumn. This hardy perennial prefers well-drained soil and a sunny location. Water moderately, as it is more drought-tolerant than most.