Members of the Moluccella plant genus are hardy or half hardy annuals that reach from 45 to 90 cm (18 to 36 inches) in height.
They are upright and carry minute white flowers that are covered by circular green cones.
Some of the common names for Moluccella include Irish bells, Shellflower, and Bells of Ireland.
Common Names: Bells of Ireland, Shell Flower, Molucca Balmis, Irish Bells.
Life Cycle: Half hardy annual, hardy annual. Half hardy perennial.
Height: 16 to 36 inches (40 to 100 cm).
Native: Mediterranean, West and South Asia.
Growing Region: Zones 2 to 10.
If you plan to grow Irish bells (and other Moluccella) outdoors from seed, then sow them on the soil surface before the last frost of spring.
Irish bells prefer to grow in an ordinary soil, and can grow in either a sunny or partially shaded area of the garden.
If you plan to first grow Irish bells indoors then start about 10 weeks in advance.
The seeds should be imbibed by placing the seeds (within soil) in a black plastic bag, then placing in the fridge for five or six days.
Seeds should then be sown out in peat pots in the light at a temperature of 10 to 15 Celsius (50 to 59°F). They normally take about one to five weeks to germinate.
Seedlings should be transplanted outside after the last frost of spring. Space at about 30 cm (12 inches) apart.
Irish bells are easy to look after; they require frequent watering and a monthly application of fertiliser.
For taller varieties of Moluccella plant it may be necessary to stake them. If you require more Moluccella Plants then they can be propagated by allowing to self seeds, do not take cuttings.
The Moluccella genus has about 15 species, with Bells of Ireland, being the most well-known.
Yes, Moluccella is often grown for its striking green, bell-shaped calyces which make a statement in borders and are fantastic in cut flower arrangements.
Moluccella laevis, the Bells of Ireland, is the most frequently grown species due to its distinctive, long-lasting green flowers.
While Moluccella plants are visually striking, they are not typically noted for their fragrance.
Moluccella prefers full sun or light shade and well-drained soil. It's a great choice for borders or cottage-style gardens.
Currently, Moluccella is not considered invasive in the USA. It's a popular annual flower in many gardens.
As an annual, Moluccella can be removed at the end of the season by simply pulling up the plants.
Moluccella, belongs to the Lamiaceae family. It is best known for its species Moluccella laevis, commonly called Bells of Ireland. These annual plants are appreciated for their distinctive, bell-shaped calyces that surround tiny white flowers.
Plant Moluccella in a sunny spot with well-drained soil. It's ideal to sow their seeds directly in the garden in early spring. Water them regularly but avoid overwatering. With proper care, they can add a unique architectural element to borders, or be used in fresh or dried flower arrangements.