In this Gardener's HQ guide, we'll explore cultivating Erythronium plants in your garden, indoor spaces, and other settings.
Erythronium are small hardy perennials that reach between 15 and 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) in height.
They bear small lily-like flowers of white, pink, or yellow. these bloom in the early spring.
Their small size makes some species ideal for use in rock gardens.
Some common names for Erythronium include Dog's-tooth violet, Adder's tongue Chamise Lily, Dogs tooth lily, Adam and Eve, Adder's tongue, Fawn Lily, and Trout Lily.
Erythronium grandiflorum by Matt Lavin.
Erythronium by Wallygrom.
Erythronium can be grown from either seeds or corms. If growing from corms then they should be burried about 7 to 10 cm (3 to 4 inches) deep in the autumn.
Chamise Lilies and other Erythronium like to grow in a shady (partial shady location is fine too) part of the garden. This should have a rich moist forest type soil.
When growing Chamise Lily (and other Erythronium) from seeds, some preparation is required. First the seeds should be sown at a depth of about 3 mm (1/8th inch) in flats (in the spring).
These should then be wrapped in a black bag, then placed in the refrigerator for three weeks. The flats should then be sank into a shady area and covered with glass.
Once Chamise Lily seedlings emerge (germination can take anything from one month to one and a half years), they should be transplanted at a spacing of about 7 to 15 cm (3 to 6 inches) apart.
Once established, it is important to keep the soil nice and moist. Following flowering, the plant dies back completely, and should be covered in top soil at the end of summer.
To maintain fresh plants, they should be divided every four years. This is also a good way of propagating new Chamise Lily plants.
The Erythronium genus consists of about 20-30 species.
Yes, Erythronium, or Dog's Tooth Violets, are lovely woodland plants with charming spring flowers.
Erythronium dens-canis (European Dog's Tooth Violet) and Erythronium americanum (Trout Lily) are often grown by gardeners.
No, Erythronium flowers are not typically fragrant.
Erythronium prefers shady or partially shady locations with rich, well-drained soil.
Currently, Erythronium is not considered invasive in the USA.
To remove Erythronium, carefully dig up and remove the entire plant, including the bulb.
The Erythronium genus contains flowering plants native to North America and Eurasia. These spring-flowering perennials are cherished for their nodding, lily-like flowers and often attractively mottled leaves.
Erythronium plants prefer partial shade and well-drained, humus-rich soil. They can be grown from bulbs, which should be planted in the fall. Ideal for woodland gardens or the front of borders, they are also beautiful when allowed to naturalize in lawns or under trees and shrubs.