How to Grow Eupatorium Plants in your Garden

Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Boneset, Mist Flower, Thoroughwort, Hardy Ageratum, Feverwort, Joe Pye Weed, Mist Flower, and White Snakeroot

Eupatorium are hardy perennials. They can reach heights of between 60 cm and 3 m (2 to 10 feet), making them ideal for use in borders.

They bloom from Summer to Autumn, when they display clustered flowers of white, purple, or pink, atop heavy foilage.

Some of the more common names for Eupatorium plants include Mist Flower, Throughwort, Boneset, Hardy Ageratum, and White snakeroot.

Eupatorium purpureum
Eupatorium purpureum (Eutrochium purpureum / Kidney root) by Charles de Martigny.

Eupatorium Growing and Care Guide

Common Names: Boneset, Thoroughwort, Hardy Ageratum, Feverwort, Joe Pye Weed, Mist Flower, White Snakeroot.
Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.
Height: 20 to 120 inches (50 to 300 cm).
Native: Northern Hemisphere; temperate.
Family: Asteraceae.

Growing Region: Zones 3 to 8.
Flowers: Summer through to autumn.
Flower Details: White, purple, pink. Rounded. Flat. Fuzzy. Clustered.
Foliage: Mid-green. Perfoliate leaves

Sow Outside: Cover seed. Late summer or autumn from fresh seed. Spacing: Small 12 to 20 inches (30 to 50 cm); Large 24 to 48 inches (60 to 120 cm).
Sow Inside: Germination time: one to three months. Temperature: 55°F (13°C).
Nine or ten weeks in advance. Transplant outdoors following the last frost or at the beginning of autumn.

Requirements and care: Full sunlight or light shade. Soil pH 5.0 to 6.0. Ordinary soil, moist soil. Summer mulch. Cut back to the ground in autumn. Needs to be divided every three years to maintain vigour. Self-seeds; Propagate: by dividing in the spring in cooler regions and the autumn elsewhere.
Miscellaneous: Traditionally Eupatorium perfoliatum was used as an herbal medicine in the treatment of dengue fever.

How to Grow Eupatorium species such as Mist flower, Feverwort, and Boneset in the Garden

The seeds of Eupatorium should be planted outside in the autumn using fresh seed. Cover the seed lightly with topsoil.

Mist flower and other Eupatorium plants like to grow in a sunny or partially shaded part of the garden. They like a soil that is moist and acidic (pH 5 to 6).

If you plan to first grow Mist flowers indoors, then they should be prepared about ten weeks before they are due to be put in the garden (either after the last frost of spring or in the autumn).

They take from between one to three months to germinate at a temperature of about 13 degrees centigrade (55°F).

Once ready for transplanting, the Eupatorium should be spaced at about 40 cm / 16 inches apart (smaller species) or 75 cm to 1.25 metres / 2 1/2 to 4 1/2 feet) apart (larger species).

Caring for Eupatorium Plants

If you require more Mist Flower plants, then they can be propagated by division in the autumn.

Eupatorium plants should be cut back to the ground at the end of the flowering season in the Autumn. Divide every three years to keep them looking fresh.

Common Questions

How many members does the Eupatorium genus have?

The Eupatorium genus consists of about 40 to 60 species.

Do members of Eupatorium make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Yes, Eupatorium, also known as Joe-Pye Weeds, are great for attracting butterflies and providing late summer bloom in the garden.

Which Eupatorium species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

Eupatorium purpureum (Sweet Joe-Pye Weed) and Eupatorium maculatum (Spotted Joe-Pye Weed) are popular with gardeners.

Are members of the Eupatorium plant genus fragrant?

Yes, some Eupatorium species like Eupatorium purpureum have sweetly scented flowers.

What is the perfect location to grow Eupatorium?

Eupatorium prefers full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil. They're suitable for borders and native plant gardens.

Is Eupatorium invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

Currently, Eupatorium is not considered invasive in the USA.

How do I remove Eupatorium plants from my garden?

To remove Eupatorium, dig up the entire plant ensuring all roots are removed to prevent regrowth.


The Eupatorium genus consists plants native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. These tall, herbaceous perennials are grown for their large, fluffy flower heads, which appear in late summer and attract butterflies.

Eupatorium plants prefer full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil. They can be grown from seeds or division. Excellent in wildflower gardens, wetlands, or the back of borders, they also make good cut flowers. Many species are drought-tolerant once established.

I hope that you found this guide on how to grow Eupatorium plants in your garden. You may also enjoy my gardening guides on how to grow Palm springs daisy, Leontopodium plant, and Swan river daisy plants.