Perennial Chrysanthemum are a genus of shrubby plants that carry lots of flowers.
These flowers are long lasting and bloom from summer until the first frost of autumn.
Perennial Chrysanthemums, White Mums photograph by Emilian Robert Vicol under Creative Commons Licence.
The Chrysanthemum plant ranges in size from 10 to 90 cm (4 to 36 inches).
Some of the common names for Chrysanthemum include Feverfew, Painted daisy and pyrethrum. Go here for info on Annual Chrysanthemum.
Common Names: Chrysanthemum, Feverfew, Painted Daisy, Pyrethrum, Shasta Daisy.
Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.
Height: 4 to 36 inches (10 to 90 cm).
Native: North-east Europe, Asia.
Growing Region: Zones 2 to 9.
Flowers: Species dependent: Summer, and/or autumn.
Flower Details: White, red, pink, orange, yellow. Daisy-like ray and disc florets. Often double headed.
Foliage: Herbaceous. Lobed.
Sow Outside: Surface. Start of spring - before the last frost, or towards the end of autumn. Spacing: Small 12 inches (30 cm); Large 18 to 24 inches (45 to 60 cm).
Sow Inside: Germination time: one week to one month. Temperature 60 to 75°F (16 to 24°C). Seven or eight weeks in advance. Transplant outdoors following the last frost or in autumn.
Requirements: Full sunlight or partial shade; Chrysanthemum needs at least six hours of sunlight per day. Good drainage. Soil pH 5.5 to 7.0. Deep soil, rich soil. Regular watering. Requires feeding about a fortnight after planting. Feed again when they reach about 12 inches (30 cm) in height. To encourage bushiness it is important to pinch back tips when they reach about 6 (15 cm) inches; continue this process by pinching back tips with every 6 (15 cm) inches of growth. Stop this process at the end of summer. Once the Chrysanthemum plant is blooming it will require regular deadheading in order to encourage further blooming. Once flowering has completed cut back to the ground. Supply a light mulch. Divide every two years to maintain vigour. Propagate: by dividing at the start of spring in cool areas or in the autumn in warmer areas. Also by taking cuttings.
Chrysanthemums should be sown onto the surface in the before the last frost of spring or in the autumn.
They should be grown in an area of the garden that has good drainage, and receives at least six hours of sunlight per day.
If you plan to first grow Chrysanthemum seedlings indoors first, then they should be started about two months before you plan to put them out, in mid spring or autumn.
The seedlings should be planted out with a spacing of about 30cm (small species) or 50cm (large), into a rich soil of pH 5.5 to 7.
Chrysanthemum require regular watering. To encourage bushy growth, Perennial Chrysanthemums should be pinched back with every 15 cm (6 inches) of new growth.
Fertilizer should be applied a couple of weeks after planting, and when the plant reaches an height of about 30 cm (1 foot).
Once flowers are spent, they should be removed.
The Chrysanthemum genus contains several perennial members. The whole genus has around 40 to 67 different species, depending on classifications.
Yes, Perennial Chrysanthemums are widely grown and beloved for their vibrant and showy flowers. They are excellent for adding color and texture to gardens, and they make beautiful cut flowers.
Popular species include Chrysanthemum × morifolium (Garden Mum) and Chrysanthemum indicum (Indian Chrysanthemum), and Chrysanthemum zawadskii (Korean Chrysanthemum). Perennial Chrysanthemums provide a wide range of flower forms and colors.
While some Chrysanthemum cultivars have a slight fragrance, the majority of Perennial Chrysanthemums are not known for their strong scents.
Perennial Chrysanthemums thrive in full sun to part shade and well-drained soil. They prefer a location with good air circulation to prevent disease.
Perennial Chrysanthemums are not considered invasive in the USA. They are widely cultivated and are generally a well-behaved plant in the garden
To remove Perennial Chrysanthemums, First cut top the ground. next dig up the entire remaining plant, being sure to remove the entire root system. Use a sieve to check the soil for root tissue. Be thorough to prevent regrowth. Also be sure to remove them before they have a chance to spread through self-seeding.
Perennial Chrysanthemums, are much beloved by gardeners for their colorful, autumnal blooms. These flowers, which hail from Asia and northeastern Europe, often provide the last burst of color in a garden before winter sets in.
Perennial Chrysanthemums appreciate a spot in full sun with well-draining soil. Typically, they are planted in the spring to establish themselves before their autumn blooming period. Garden favorites include the Chrysanthemum x morifolium (Garden Mum) for its numerous varieties of color and form; and Chrysanthemum x rubellum 'Clara Curtis', beloved for its delicate pink blooms.
I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Chrysanthemum plants. You may also enjoy the following Gardener's HQ growing guides: How to grow Gerbera, Yucca gloriosa plant, and Buphthalmum plants.