Scutellaria is a genus of hardy perennial plants that range in height from 10 to 90 cm.
The ones that are grown in gardens tend to be low growing and have a spreading nature, making them ideal for use in rock gardens.
Scutellaria plants bloom in the summertime, carrying lipped and hooded tubular shaped flowers that may be red, blue, purple, yellow or white.
Common names include Helmet Flower and Skullcap.
Scutellaria indica by yamada*.
It is best to sow Scutellaria species such as Helmet Flowers and Skullcap outdoors using fresh seed. They should be sown in the autumn with a spacing of about 20 cm (small varieties) or 45 to 60 cm (larger species); lightly cover the seed once sown.
They can grow in either sunny or partially shaded areas and require good drainage. Ideally the soil should be moist and slightly acidic (pH 6 to 7).
The ground that Scutellaria grow in should be mulched in the spring time. The tips of the plant should be initially pinched back to encourage branching and a bush growth.
They like a moist soil so keep well watered. If they start to spread then thin the plants by division (this method can also be used to propagate plants in the spring; alternatively take cuttings from new shoots in the summer.
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