Sesamum plants are a genus of half hardy annual herbs. They can reach from 30 to 90 cm (1 to 3 feet) in height.
They bloom in the summer, carrying tubular flowers of violet, pink or white.
Some of the common names for members of the Sesamum genus include Sesame and Benne.
To harvest Sesame seeds, the stalks should be cut off when the top seed pods have turned green, but before the bottom pods have opened (try to cut the stalks when it will result in a better harvest).
The sesame plant should then be put into a paper bag and allowed to air dry. Rub the bag to release the sesame seeds, and store them in a Tupperware container.
Common Names: Sesame.
Life Cycle: Half hardy annual.
Height: 20 to 40 inches (50 to 100 cm).
Native: Africa, Asia.
Growing Region: Zones 7 to 10.
The seeds of Sesame, Benne, and other Sesamum plants should be sowed outdoors at a depth of 6 mm (1/4 inch), and spaced at about 25 cm (10 inches) apart.
Do this towards the end of spring, when temperatures remain above 15°C (59°F) at night. It should take about a week for the seeds to germinate, once temperatures reach 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86°F).
Ideally sesame plants should be grown in a sunny area of the garden that is well drained. The soil type is not important.
If you plan to start indoors, then sow about two months before due to be transplanted outdoors (at the end of spring).
The Sesamum genus consists of around 20 species, including Sesamum indicum, the cultivated sesame plant.
While not typically used in ornamental gardening, Sesamum can be a unique addition to an edible or herb garden due to its seeds' culinary use.
Sesamum indicum, the cultivated sesame plant, is commonly grown for its seeds, used in various cuisines.
Sesamum plants are not typically fragrant, but their seeds have a pleasant, nutty aroma when toasted.
Sesamum requires full sun, warm conditions, and well-drained soil to thrive. It is drought-tolerant once established.
Currently, Sesamum is not considered invasive in the USA. Always consult local regulations for updated information.
For removing Sesamum, pull out the entire plant, ensuring all roots are removed to prevent regrowth.
The Sesamum genus includes annual plants native to Africa and India. They are cultivated for their edible seeds and oil, which are used in various cuisines worldwide.
Plant Sesamum seeds in spring, after the last frost, in a sunny location with well-drained soil. They prefer warm temperatures and require regular watering. Harvesting usually occurs approximately 100 to 130 days after planting when the lower leaves begin to yellow and the seeds inside the pods turn brown.