Hieracium consists of a large genus of hardy perennials.
They are weedy and woody in nature and some species have an attractive silvery foliage.
They bloom from late spring through to autumn with orange or yellow flowers that are similar to those of dandelions.
They reach heights of 30 to 40 cm (12 to 16 inches), making them a bigger plant for use in a rock garden.
Some of the common species of Hieracium plant used by gardeners include Hawkweed and devil's Paintbrush.
Hieracium pilosella by urjsa.
Common Names: Hawkweed, Devil’s-paintbrush, Hierakion.
Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.
Height: 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm).
Native: Worldwide except Australasia and Antarctica.
Growing Region: Zones 3 to 9.
When growing Hawkweed and other Hieracium plants in the garden, it is important to realise that they can fast become weeds. So only grow if you have the time to maintain them properly. This will require removing flower heads before they have a chance to set seed.
Hawkweed seeds should be sown into a sunny part of the garden before the last frost of early spring. Simply cover the soil once sown.
Hieracium can grow in poor soil, and has a preference for a dry soil with good drainage.
You may find it easier to have control of Hawkweed if you start them off as seedlings indoors.
They should be prepared about two months before they are due to be transplanted in the spring, before the last frost.
Hieracium plants take about three or four weeks to germinate at a temperature of 10 to 15 degrees centigrade (50 to 59°F). Plant out at a spacing of about 25 cm (10 inches).
Once growing, it is very important to keep an eye on the Hieracium plant to prevent spreading. Remove all Hieracium flowers before they have a chance to set seed.
The Hieracium genus, commonly known as hawkweeds, includes about 800 species (possibly over 1,000 dependent upon classification), characterized by their daisy-like flowers.
While some gardeners may appreciate the bright flowers of Hieracium, many species can be quite aggressive, spreading quickly and overtaking desired plants.
Among the hawkweeds, Hieracium aurantiacum or orange hawkweed is sometimes grown for its vivid orange flowers.
Hieracium species are not known for their fragrance, but for their bright, daisy-like flowers.
Hieracium species can tolerate a range of conditions, from full sun to part shade, and prefer well-drained soil.
Yes, some species like the orange hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum) are currently considered invasive in several northern states, particularly in the Northeast and the Pacific Northwest.
Removal of Hieracium involves careful hand-pulling or digging, ensuring all roots and stolons are removed to prevent re-growth.
The Hieracium genus belongs to the Asteraceae family. These perennial herbs are native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. They are recognized by their dandelion-like flower heads.
Hieracium grows well in a wide range of conditions, but prefers full sun to partial shade and a well-drained soil. Plants are drought-tolerant once established. Propagation is usually done by sowing seeds, sown in the spring or fall.