Leucojum Plant Growing & Care Guide for Gardeners

In this Gardener's HQ guide, we'll explore cultivating Leucojum plants in your garden, indoor spaces, and other settings.

Snowflake: Cultivation & Garden Use

Members of the Leucojum genus reach heights from 10 to 90 cm (4 to 36 inches) and are usually grown as hardy bulbs in the garden.

They have grassy leaves and carry clusters of small bell shaped snowy white flowers which bloom at any time of the year (dependent upon the species).

Leucojum vernum
Leucojum vernum by blumenbiene.

Some of the common names for Leucojum include Summer Snowflake, Snowflake, and Loddon Lily.

Summer Snowflake
Summer Snowflake (Leucojum aestivum) by wlcutler.

How to Grow Summer Snowflake and other Leucojum Plants

It is best to grow Summer Snowflake and other Leucojum members from bulbs outdoors. The bulbs should be burried at a depth of 8 to 10 cm (3 to 4 inches) at the end of autumn.

Leucojum can grow in either a sunny or partly shaded area of the garden, and like a dampish woodland like soil.

Caring for Leucojum

Once growing Leucojum should be divided every 6 to 7 years, remove dead leaves once fully withered.

Leucojum Growing and Care Guide

Common Names: Snowflake, Loddon Lily, Spring/Summer Snowflake.
Life Cycle: Hardy bulb.
Height: 4 to 36 inches (10 to 90 cm).
Native: Europe. Western Asia.
Growing Region: Zones 4 to 9.
Flowers: Species dependent: Autumn; Late in winter; Late in Spring.
Flower Details: White. Green or yellow spot on the tepal. Bell-shaped.
Foliage: Strap-like. Dark green.
Grow Outside: Usually grown from bulbs. Bulbs: 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm). Mid to late autumn. Spacing 6 inches (15 cm).
Requirements and care: Full sunlight or partial shade. Good drainage. Moist/damp. Wood-like soil. Tidy dead leaves only once they have withered completely. Divide every 6 or 7 years. Propagate: by planting bulblets in the autumn.
Miscellaneous: The genus name Leucojum comes from the Greek words for white (leukos) and violet (ion). Nine members recently reclassified and are now included in the Acis genus.

Common Questions

How many members does the Leucojum genus have?

The Leucojum genus has just two species. These are bulbous plants often known as 'snowflakes' due to their delicate, white, bell-shaped flowers.

Do members of Leucojum make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Yes, Leucojum species are excellent for gardens, providing early spring color. They also naturalize well and are great for woodland gardens or near water features.

Which Leucojum species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

The most commonly grown species are Leucojum aestivum (Summer Snowflake) and Leucojum vernum (Spring Snowflake).

Are members of the Leucojum plant genus fragrant?

The flowers of Leucojum are subtly fragrant, offering a light, pleasing aroma.

What is the perfect location to grow Leucojum?

Leucojum thrives in both full sun and part shade, with moist, well-drained soil. It's particularly suitable for woodland gardens or near water bodies.

Is Leucojum invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

Presently, Leucojum species are not considered invasive in the USA.

How do I remove Leucojum plants from my garden?

To remove Leucojum, carefully dig up the bulbs, making sure to remove all of them to prevent the plant from regrowing.


The Leucojum genus, a member of the Amaryllidaceae family, comprises bulbous perennials native to Europe. Known for their bell-shaped, drooping white flowers, these plants are often used in borders and containers and are commonly referred to as snowflakes.

Leucojum prefers partial shade and well-drained soil. Plant the bulbs in the fall for spring blooms. Regular watering is necessary during growth and bloom periods. Propagation is typically done through bulbs.

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Leucojum plants. You may also enjoy my gardening guides on how to grow Geranium, Iris plant, and Zinnia plants.