Orchis simia flower close up image by Björn S...; CC.
Quick Orchis Growing and Care Guide
Common Names: Green-veined orchid, Monkey orchid, Naked Man Orchid, Italian Orchis, Monkey orchid, Three-toothed orchid, Gandergoose. Life Cycle: Hardy bulb. Height: 12 to 24 inches (30—60 cm). Native: Europe, Asia, and Northwest Africa. Growing Region: Zones 5 to 8.
Flowers: Species dependent: Late spring through to summer. Flower Details: Terminal spikes. Lipped. Spotted. Purple, yellow, red, white, pink. Small. Flowers form from the base upwards (except in Orchis simian, which is reversed). Foliage: Variable, often sheaved. Green.
Plant Outside: Tubers: 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm). Start of April. Sow Inside: Sow on surface. Germination time: three months to one year. Temperature: 75°F (24°C). Requires light. Transplant outdoors following the last frost. Spacing 4 to 6 inches (10—15 cm). Requirements and care: NB. Orchis is a large genus, so specific species have specific needs that cannot be covered in full in a genus specific quick growing guide. So Generally: Full sunlight through to light shade. Acidic soil pH. Rich, peaty soil. Do not disturb once established. Regular watering during dry periods. Propagate: by dividing towards the end of autumn. Miscellaneous: Named after the Greek word for testicle (ὄρχις) due the appearance of its tubers.
How to Grow Orchids
Orchis genus plants such as the Green Veined Orchid can be started from seeds or roots. If growing from roots then they should be buried about 8 to 10 cm (3 to 4 inches) deep into a slightly acidic soil that is rich and peaty.
Orchis can grow in either sunny or lightly shaded parts of the garden and should be grown spaces about 10 to 15 cm (4 to 6 inches) apart.
how to grow Orchis italica from seed: If you plan to grow Orchids from seeds, then it is best to start them off indoors. The seed should be sown on the soil surface and germinated at 18 to 24 degrees centigrade (65°F to 77°F) in the light.
The germination time varies from three months to just over a year, so sow the seeds at any time, but only put the seedlings (young bulblets) outdoors following the last frost of spring.