Lapeirousia Plant Growing & Care Guide for Gardeners

In this Gardener's HQ guide, we'll explore cultivating Lapeirousia plants in your garden, indoor spaces, and other settings.

Mountain Flag, False Freesia: Cultivation & Garden Use

Members of the Lapeirousia genus are grown as either hardy bulbs or annuals in the garden.

They reach a height of between 15 and 30 cm (6 to 12 inches), making them ideal for use in either rock gardens or as part of a border.

Anomatheca laxa
Anomatheca laxa by Yamada

Lapeirousia bloom from the end of summer through to the autumn with spiky tubular flowers of white, pink or red.

Once the flowering has finished they carry attractive seed pods that are egg shaped.

Freesia laxa
Freesia laxa by Yuki_alm_misa.

How to Grow Lapeirousia

When growing Lapeirousia outdoors seeds should be sown at a depth of 3 mm (1/8 inch) either before the last frost of spring or in late autumn.

Lapeirousia corms should be planted at a depth of 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 inches) in the autumn.

They like to grow in an acidic dry soil located in a sunny (partially shaded in very hot areas) part of the garden with good drainage.

If starting off lapeirousia indoors then they should be prepared two to two and a half months in advance.

The seeds will take from one to three months to germinate at 12 to 15 degrees Celsius (54 to 59°F).

Once established they should be transplanted in the early spring about 10 cm (4 inches) apart.

Caring for Lapeirousia plants

Lapeirousia are pretty easy to maintain, though it is very important to keep them well watered in the spring and summer.

It is important to divide lapeirousia every three years or so to maintain vigorous growth.

Lapeirousia Growing and Care Guide

Common Names: Mountain Flag, Freesia Laxa, False Freesia.
Life Cycle: Hardy bulb commonly grown as a half hardy annual by gardeners.
Height: 6 to 18 inches (15 to 45 cm).
Native: Southern Africa.
Growing Region: Zones 3 to 10. As a perennial in zones 8 to 10.
Flowers: Spring and summer.
Flower Details: Red, white, blue, pink, salmon. Tubular. Lily-like.
Foliage: Sword-shaped. Linear. Smooth. Green.
Sow Outside:
Seeds: 1/8 inch (3 mm). Before last frost or in autumn. Spacing 3 to 6 inches (7 to 15 cm).
Corm: 3 to 4 inches (75 to 100 mm) Beginning of autumn.
Sow Inside: Germination time: one to three months. Temperature 60°F (16°C). Two months in advance. Transplant outdoors before the last frost.
Requirements: Full sunlight or partial shade. Good drainage. Acidic soil pH. Prefers a dry soil but keep moist during growing and flowering period. If growing in a cool area as an annual bring corms indoors over the winter. For best results and for propagation divide every three years in the spring.
Family: Iridaceae.
Miscellaneous: Synonymous with Anomatheca.

Common Questions

How many members does the Lapeirousia genus have?

The Lapeirousia genus includes about 40 species. These bulbous plants are native to Africa and produce striking, colorful flowers.

Do members of Lapeirousia make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Lapeirousia species can make interesting additions to gardens, especially those specializing in bulbous plants. Their vibrant flowers can certainly brighten up any garden space.

Which Lapeirousia species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

Lapeirousia oreogena is often grown for its beautiful, deep purple-blue flowers that have a unique, eye-catching pattern.

Are members of the Lapeirousia plant genus fragrant?

Lapeirousia species are not typically known for having a fragrance, but they more than make up for it with their visual appeal.

What is the perfect location to grow Lapeirousia?

These plants prefer a sunny location with well-drained soil. As they are native to drier climates, they are more suited to a Mediterranean or rock garden style.

Is Lapeirousia invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

Presently, Lapeirousia species are not considered invasive in the USA.

How do I remove Lapeirousia plants from my garden?

To remove Lapeirousia, dig up the entire plant, making sure to remove all of the bulb to prevent any future growth.


The Lapeirousia plant genus is a member of the Iridaceae family. This genus comprises bulbous perennials native to southern Africa. They can be recognized by their six-petaled, brightly colored flowers. In the garden, these plants are often used in rock gardens and containers.

Lapeirousia prefers full sun and well-drained soil. Plant bulbs in the fall for spring blooms. Regular watering is necessary during their growth and bloom periods. Propagation is typically done through bulbs.

I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Lapeirousia plants. You may also enjoy the following Gardener's HQ growing guides: How to grow Crocosmia, Ambrosia rtemisiifolia, and Tritonia plants.