Abronia Plant Growing & Care Guide for Gardeners

In this Gardener's HQ guide, we'll explore cultivating Abronia plants in your garden, indoor spaces, and other settings.

Sand Verbana, and Wild Lantana: Cultivation & Garden Use

Common names for Annual and Half-hardy perennial Arbronia include Sand Verbana and Wild Lantana.

It is best to grow Abronia plants on the Pacific coast, as they require a long, cool growing season.

Sand Verbena
Abronia (Sand Verbena) picture by David~O, Creative Commons.

Sand verbana Plants typically flower in the months of June and July.

Description of Abronia

Sand verbana typically grows to a height of 25 cm, and has tubular flowers that can be yellow, white, or red. These are very fragrant.

Abronia is ideal for use in rockeries, especially if you wish to attract bees to your garden.

Common Abronia Plant Species

Abronia villosa

Abronia villosa

Abronia villosa (Desert Sand verbena) photograph by cultivar413, CC.

Abronia latifolia

Abronia latifolia
Abronia latifolia photograph by Franco Folini, cc.

Abronia fragrans

Abronia fragrans

Abronia fragrans (Fragrant Sand verbana) by JerryFriedman, CC.

Abronia umbellata

Abronia umbellata

Pink Sand Verbena — Abronia umbellata — photograph by Björn S, CC.

How to Grow Abronia

Abronia plant seeds should be planted outside at a depth of 3/4 cm (1/3 inch) after the last frost. Space them out at 30 to 40 cm (12 to 16 inches).

They require full sun and prefer soil that is light and sandy.

If you are planning to grow the seeds indoors, then they should be sown in peat pots six to eight weeks before planting outside in the garden.

It typically takes 20 days for germination to occur. Plants should be put out in the Autumn.

Caring for Sand Verbana and Similar Abronia Species

It is important not to disturb Abronia plants once they become established.

Abronia Plant Video Growing Guide

Abronia Growing and Care Guide

Common Names: Coastal Sand verbena, Desert Sand Verbana, Wild Lantana.
Life Cycle: Hardy annual. Hardy perennial. Herb. Succulent.
Family: The Abronia genus belongs to the Nyctaginaceae family. They are therefore closely related to the Mirabilis plant genus.
Height: Matt growing. 3 to 18 inches (7 to 45 cm).
Native: North America (West Coast)
Growing Region: Annuals: zones 2 to 10. Perennials: zones 3 to 9. Hardy in the UK to zone 8.
Flowers: Late Winter through to Mid-summer.
Flower Details: Fragrant. No Petals (clefted calyx lobes have petal-like appearance). Umbels, Trumpets. Pink, Purple.
Foliage: Sticky, Succulent. Slender. Hairy stems
Fruit: Anthocarp (False Fruit / Accessory Fruit).
Root: the roots of some species (especially Abronia fragrans / Abronia latifolia) are sometimes eaten as a sweet root vegetable.
Sow Outside in native areas:
Annuals: Sow in early Spring or in Late summer / Autumn. First remove seeds from fruit for best results. Takes about 20 days to germinate.
Sow Inside: early spring or autumn in pots. Sandy Soil. peel fruit and soak seed for a full day. Germinates at 60°F (15°C); one to two months. Over-winter in a greenhouse (with good ventilation) in individual pots.
Requirements: Many species are coastal so thrive in sandy and dry soils. Grows well in Hot Areas.
Full sunlight. Good Drainage. Low Water Requirements.
Miscellaneous: Plants have large pollen grains. Attracts Bees.

Common Questions

How many members does the Abronia genus have?

The genus Abronia contains about 20-30 recognized species. However, the exact number may vary due to ongoing research and taxonomy debates.

Do members of Abronia make a good garden or landscaping plant?

Abronia species can make excellent garden and landscaping plants. They are especially valued for their vibrant flowers and resilience to harsh growing conditions.

Which Abronia species are most frequently grown by gardeners?

Abronia villosa (commonly known as Desert Sand Verbena) and Abronia fragrans (Fragrant Sand Verbena) are commonly grown due to their attractive, fragrant flowers.

Are members of the Abronia fragrant?

Yes, many Abronia species are fragrant. Notably, Abronia fragrans earns its name from its highly fragrant, pretty white blooms.

What is the perfect location to grow Abronia?

Abronia thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. These plants are suited to xeriscaping, so they perform well in rock gardens, desert landscapes, or sandy soils.

Is Abronia invasive in the USA, if so in which states?

Abronia species are not thought to be invasive in the USA. Always check local and current resources for the most up-to-date information.

How do I remove Abronia from my garden?

To remove Abronia from your garden, dig out the plant carefully, ensuring that you remove all the root system to prevent regrowth. Always wear gloves to avoid skin irritation.


Abronia Genus: Growth and Habitat

The Abronia genus, also known as Sand Verbena, comprises a group of about 20 species of annual or perennial plants. They're native to western North America, particularly in desert regions, and thrive best in sandy or gravelly soils. These plants prefer full sun exposure and require moderate watering. The Abronia genus is recognized for its clustered, brightly colored flowers, making it a popular choice for ornamental gardening. To cultivate, sow seeds in early spring or propagate through cuttings.

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