Aubrieta plants are hardy perennial alpine plants. They are low growing and mat forming therefore making them great rockery, cover, and edging plants.
They bloom with purple or blue flowers in the spring.
Aubrieta by Color Line.
There are 20 known species in this genus and common names for Aubrieta include Purple rock cress, and false rock cress. Plants of the Aubrieta genus are native to Europe.
Blue Rock Cress photograph by Dendroica.
Some of the more commonly grown garden species of the Aubrieta genus include the following.
Also knowna as Purple rock cress, Rainbow rock cress, and Lilacbush
Purple Rock Cress at Belgium National garden by 阿橋 HQ, CC.
US Growing zones 4 to 8; UK zones H6 – Hardy
This small perennial plant is a vigorous grower that makes great ground cover. It is a sun lover that is naturally native to the South east of Europe.
Plants reach about 10 to 22 cm in height (4 to 9 inches) and have a bushy habot with a spread of 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 inches).
Aubrieta deltoidea blooms from the middle of spring through to early summer. The flowers have four lilac to purple petals. Leaves are grey to green, and oval with a spoon-like appearance.
In addition to its use as ground cover it also makes a nice plant to grow in a rock garden, wall crevices, and at the front of a garden border.
Ideally grow in a well-drained soil that is sandy and rocky. It will grow in light and partial shade but best results will be obtained when it is grown in full sun. It is a good plant to grow to attract wildlife to the garden. It is also both drought tolerant and a very deer resistant plant.
Aubrieta gracilis (Dwarf Rock Cress), photograph by Alice Rosen; CC.
"Rokey's Purple" Aubrieta: Purple flowers. Blanket. US Zones 5 to 7.
photograph by Babij, CC.
Aubrieta cascade (Purple aubrieta cascade), picture by Garry Knight; CC.
Aubrieta 'Red Carpet': 10 cm (4 inches) tall. Wide Spreading. Blooms in spring with purple to red flowers. Evergreen leaves are grey-green.
'Carnival': Larger cultivar to 6 inches (15 cm) in height. Large purple flowers.
'Aurea Variegata': Violet blue flowers, Variegated leaves of gold and green, 10 cm (4 inches) tall.
'Variegata ': Flowers may be pink, white, purple, or violet. Leaves have cream colored margins. 10 cm (4 inches) tall
'Campbelliil': Double flowers, pink to purple flowers, 6 inches (15 cm) tall.
When planting Aubrieta outdoors it is best to sow out the seeds on the surface in the early spring or late in the autumn.
If preparing for growing indoors first, then they should be prepared about 7 weeks before they are due to be put out, after the last frost of spring.
Germination takes around two to three weeks in the light, and at a temperature of 18 to 20°C (64 to 68°F).
Young Purple rock cress seedlings (and other Aubrieta species) can be easily damaged by water, so it is therefore essential that they are only watered from below.
The seedlings of Aubrieta should be planted out in spring in a sunny rockery. The spacing should be about 30 cm (12 inches). Soil should be well drained and an ideal pH is around 6 to 7.5.
Aubrieta Rock Cress plants are generally easy to look after. They will need to be dead headed following flowering to prevent seed setting and stop the plant from taking over the garden.